Search for dissertations about: "anatomical noise"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 19 swedish dissertations containing the words anatomical noise.

  1. 1. Hearing Preservation CI Surgery and Hybrid Hearing : From Anatomical Aspects to Patient Satisfaction

    Author : Elsa Erixon; Helge Rask-Andersen; Claes Möller; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; anatomic variations; human cochlea; cochlear implantation; EAS; electro-acoustic stimulation; residual hearing; partial deafness; IOI-HA; EQ-5D; Oto-Rhino-Laryngology; Oto-rhino-laryngologi;

    Abstract : A common cause of profound deafness is hair cell dysfunction in the cochlea. Cochlear implants (CI) bypass the hair cells via an electrode and stimulate the cochlear nerve directly. READ MORE

  2. 2. Neurons against Noise : Neural adaptations for dim light vision in hawkmoths

    Author : Anna Stöckl; Funktionell zoologi; []
    Keywords : vision; insect; hawkmoth; motion vision; spatial and temporal summation; dim light; neural processing;

    Abstract : All animals perceive the world through their senses, which form the basis for their decisions and motor actions. However, when these all-important senses reach their limit and cease to provide reliable information, the animal’s survival is threatened. READ MORE

  3. 3. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    Author : Erik Fredenberg; Mats Danielsson; Björn Cederström; Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; Engineering physics; Teknisk fysik; Optical physics; Optisk fysik; Other engineering physics; Övrig teknisk fysik; Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; Medical engineering; Medicinsk teknik; Radiological research; Radiologisk forskning;

    Abstract : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. READ MORE

  4. 4. Error reduction strategies for quantitative PET with focus on hybrid PET/MRI

    Author : Elin Wallstén; Anne Larsson; Jan Axelsson; Katrine Riklund; Ronald Boellaard; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Positron emission tomography; PET; PET MR; PET MRI; medical imaging; partial-volume effect; attenuation correction; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Abstract : Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is an important tool for detection, staging and follow-up in a wide range of diseases, including cancer and neurological disorders. As a functional imaging tool, PET can visualize biological processes, where positron emitting radioactive isotopes are connected to molecules with different functions in the body. READ MORE

  5. 5. Contributions to Signal Processing for MRI

    Author : Marcus Björk; Peter Stoica; Andreas Jakobsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Parameter estimation; efficient estimation algorithms; non-convex optimization; multicomponent T2 relaxometry; artifact reduction; T2 mapping; denoising; phase estimation; RF design; MR thermometry; in-vivo brain; Electrical Engineering with specialization in Signal Processing; Elektroteknik med inriktning mot signalbehandling;

    Abstract : Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is an important diagnostic tool for imaging soft tissue without the use of ionizing radiation. Moreover, through advanced signal processing, MRI can provide more than just anatomical information, such as estimates of tissue-specific physical properties. READ MORE