Search for dissertations about: "anti-predator responses"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 8 swedish dissertations containing the words anti-predator responses.

  1. 1. Early life stages of brown trout - Anti-predator responses under warming winters

    Author : Karl Filipsson; Eva Bergman; Ann Erlandsson; Johan Watz; Martin Österling; Neil Metcalfe; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; behaviour; climate; cortisol; development; egg incubation; embryo; gene expression; ice; light; mRNA; piscivorous; poikilotherm; salmonid; stress; temperature; Biology; Biologi;

    Abstract : During winter, juvenile salmonids in boreal streams are vulnerable to predation, mainly from mammals and birds. Encounters with terrestrial predators can be reduced or avoided if fish limit activity to the darker periods of the day or to periods with surface ice. READ MORE

  2. 2. From behaviour to genes: anti-predator responses of brown trout (Salmo trutta) under winter conditions

    Author : Karl Filipsson; Eva Bergman; Ann Erlandsson; Martin Österling; Johan Watz; Stefán Óli Steingrímsson; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; burbot; climate change; cortisol; diel behaviour; gene expression; HPI axis; light; mRNA; piscivorous; poikilotherm; predator; salmonid; stream; stress; temperature; thermal; winter behaviour; Biology; Biologi;

    Abstract : Temperature has major effects on the performance of poikilotherms. In encounters with predators, low winter temperatures constrain predator detection and escape capabilities in prey fishes. READ MORE

  3. 3. Phenotypic Processes Triggered by Biological Invasions

    Author : Philipp E Hirsch; Richard Svanbäck; Skúli Skúlason; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Resource polymorphism; phenotypic plasticity; phenotypic divergence; anti-predator responses; Perca fluviatilis; Rutilus rutilus; Dreissena polymorpha; Biology with specialization in Limnology; Biologi med inriktning mot limnologi;

    Abstract : Individuals within a single population can vary widely in their phenotype e.g. in their body shape. These differences are an important source of biodiversity and they can precede evolutionary divergence within a population. READ MORE

  4. 4. Local adaptive pigmentation in Asellus aquaticus -effects of UV-radiation and predation regime

    Author : Jonas Johansson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Marinbiologi; limnology; aquatic ecology; marine biology; Hydrobiology; Ekologi; Ecology; damselfly; perch; UV-avoidance; isopod; anti-predator traits; evolution; selective predation; limnologi; akvatisk ekologi; Animal ecology; Djurekologi;

    Abstract : Pigmentation in the freshwater isopod Asellus aquaticus differed between two habitats. Asellus were lighter pigmented in stands of submerged stonewort vegetation, than in nearby reed stands. Moreover, Asellus pigmentation became lighter with time in recently established stonewort stands. READ MORE

  5. 5. Predator effects on behaviour and life-history of prey

    Author : Tomas Brodin; Frank Johansson; Bradley Anholt; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; activity; behaviour; behavioural syndromes; damselfly; development; growth; life-history; predator-prey interaction; predation risk; thinning; Freshwater ecology; Limnisk ekologi;

    Abstract : In this thesis I investigate predator-induced effects on behavioural and life-history characteristics of prey. At any moment a given predator is capable of attacking a small number of prey. READ MORE