Search for dissertations about: "antibiotic resistance"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 234 swedish dissertations containing the words antibiotic resistance.

  1. 1. Antibiotic Resistance Selection in the Presence of Metals and Antimicrobials

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Lisa M. Albrecht; Uppsala universitet.; [2018]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Antibiotic resistance; Metals; Antimicrobials; Bacterial evolution; Bacterial genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology;

    Abstract : The external environment is complex: Antibiotics, metals and antimicrobials do not exist in isolation but in mixtures. Human activities such as animal husbandry, fertilization of agricultural fields and human medicine release high amounts these compounds into the environment. READ MORE

  2. 2. Antibiotic Resistance in Wastewater Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)and antibiotic resistance genes

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Stefan Börjesson; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2009]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MRSA; SCCmec; spa typing; Staphylococcus aureus; methicillin; B-lactam; aminoglycoside; tetracycline; antibiotic; wastewater; wastewater treatment plant; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Organism biology Microbiology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Organismbiologi Mikrobiologi;

    Abstract : A large part of the antibiotics consumed ends up in wastewater, and in the wastewater the antibiotics may exert selective pressure for or maintain resistance among microorganisms. Antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes encoding antibiotic resistance are commonly detected in wastewater, often at higher rates and concentrations compared to surface water. READ MORE

  3. 3. Clostridium difficile : epidemiology and antibiotic resistance

    University dissertation from Örebro : Örebro universitetsbibliotek

    Author : Torbjörn Norén; Örebro universitet.; [2006]
    Keywords : LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Clostridium difficile; antibiotic resistance; epidemiology; VETERINARY MEDICINE Medicine; VETERINÄRMEDICIN Medicin; Medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming toxin-producing intestinal bacterium abundant in soils and waters. This pathogen relies on increased growth by a disturbed intestinal microflora and the production of two cytotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which may cause anything from mild self-limiting C. READ MORE

  4. 4. Extended-Spectrum ß-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Antibiotic consumption, Detection and Resistance Epidemiology

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Åse Östholm Balkhed; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; Östergötlands Läns Landsting.; [2014]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Extended-Spectrum ß-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae; Antibiotic consumption; Detection Methods; Multiplex PCR; Resistance Epidemiology; Multi-resistance; E. coli; ESBL; fecal carriage; faecal carriage; travel;

    Abstract : ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae are emerging worldwide and they are frequently multi-drug resistant, thus limiting treatment options for infections caused by these pathogens.The overall aim of the thesis was to investigate ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Swedish county. READ MORE

  5. 5. Development and Stability of Antibiotic Resistance

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Maria Sjölund; Uppsala universitet.; [2004]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Microbiology; antibiotic resistance; selection; mutation frequency; biological cost of resistance; compensatory evolution; Helicobacter pylori; normal microbiota; Mikrobiologi; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar;

    Abstract : Antibiotic resistance is of current concern. Bacteria have become increasingly resistant to commonly used antibiotics and we are facing a growing resistance problem. The present thesis was aimed at studying the impact of antibiotic treatment on pathogenic bacteria as well as on the normal human microbiota, with focus on resistance development. READ MORE