Search for dissertations about: "antibiotic tolerance"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 16 swedish dissertations containing the words antibiotic tolerance.

  1. 1. Pollution-Induced Community Tolerance (PICT) of Bacteria: Evaluation in Phenol- and Antibiotic Polluted Soil

    Author : Louise Aldén; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Antibiotics; Bacteria; Community; Fungi; Leucine incorporation; Phenols; Soil; Pollution-Induced Community Tolerance PICT ;

    Abstract : The effects of organic pollutants on the soil microbial community were studied in this work. The main aim was to evaluate the use of pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) in studying the effects of pollution. The leucine incorporation technique (indicating bacterial growth) was used to monitor changes in tolerance. READ MORE

  2. 2. Interplay of human macrophages and Mycobacterium tuberculosis phenotypes

    Author : Johanna Raffetseder; Maria Lerm; Olle Stendahl; Vesa Loitto; Trude Helen Flo; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis; macrophage; innate immunity; host-pathogen interaction; antibiotic tolerance; phagosomal maturation; bacterial phenotype; dormancy; persistence; virulence factor; ESAT-6; ESX-1;

    Abstract : Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the pathogen causing tuberculosis (TB), a disease most often affecting the lung. 1.5 million people die annually due to TB, mainly in low-income countries. READ MORE

  3. 3. Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects

    Author : Mats Nyman; Malmö Klinisk mikrobiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mikrobiologi; mycology; virology; bacteriology; Microbiology; phenotypic characteristics.; penicillin tolerance; antibiotic susceptibility; antibody reaction; exanthema; Arcanobacterium haemolyticum; pharyngitis; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi;

    Abstract : In an 18-month period all throat cultures in our laboratory were examined for Arcanobacterium haemolyticum and clinical information was obtained. The great majority of the patients suffered from pharyngitis or tonsillitis, accompanied by a rash in 46% of cases. One third of the patients had a history of recurrent tonsillitis. READ MORE

  4. 4. Antibacterial Effect and Inflammatory Response in Relation to Antibiotic Treatment of Sepsis

    Author : Paul Skorup; Jan Sjölin; Miklós Lipcsey; Kristoffer Strålin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Sepsis; Septic shock; Antibiotics; Aminoglycoside; β-lactam; Bacteria; E. coli; Inflammation; Cytokines; Endotoxin; Porcine; ICU; Secondary sepsis; Endotoxin-tolerance.; Infektionssjukdomar; Infectious Diseases;

    Abstract : Sepsis defines as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The importance of early administration of antibiotics in septic shock is undisputed, but the optimal antibiotic choice remains uncertain. READ MORE

  5. 5. Mechanisms and Biological Costs of Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobial Peptides

    Author : Hava Lofton Tomenius; Dan I Andersson; Ørjan Samuelsen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; antimicrobial peptides; antibiotic resistance; fitness cost; Salmonella Typhimurium; Staphylococcus aureus; bile; serum; pH response; growth rate; mice; phoP; pmrB; waaY; LPS; LL-37; defensins; membrane potential; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : The global increasing problem of antibiotic resistance necessarily drives the pursuit and discovery of new antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) initially seemed like promising new drug candidates. Already members of the innate immune system, it was assumed that they would be bioactive and non-toxic. READ MORE