Search for dissertations about: "antibiotic use"

Showing result 21 - 25 of 141 swedish dissertations containing the words antibiotic use.

  1. 21. High antibiotic use and resistance among children under five : Acute respiratory infections: knowledge and behaviour of caregivers and healthcare providers in Vietnam

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences

    Author : Hoa Nguyen Quynh; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute respiratory infections; antibiotic use; antibiotic resistance; children; caregiver; healthcare provider; Vietnam;

    Abstract : Background: Increased bacterial resistance is threatening the therapeutic effectiveness of antibiotics. High level of antibiotic use is probably the main factor driving the emergence of resistance. READ MORE

  2. 22. Bacteremia after oral surgical procedures and antibiotic prophylaxis

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, -

    Author : Gunnar Hall; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [1998]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients predisposed to infective endocarditis who are undergoing oral surgical procedures is widely accepted. Because no controlled clinical trials of antibiotic regimens for the prevention of endocarditis in humans have been done, recommendations are based on results of, e.g. READ MORE

  3. 23. Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic modeling and prediction of antibiotic effects

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : David D. Khan; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; Pharmacokinetics; Pharmacodynamics; PKPD modeling; ciprofloxacin; colistin; E. coli; antibiotics; time-kill experiments; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Abstract : Problems of emerging antibiotic resistance are becoming a serious threat worldwide, and at the same time, the interest to develop new antimicrobials has declined. There is consequently a need for efficient methods to develop new treatments that minimize the risk of resistance development and that are effective on infections caused by resistant strains. READ MORE

  4. 24. Molecular characterisation of antibiotic resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology

    Author : Pontus Juréen; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2008]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : To counteract the emergence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) a number of approaches have been proposed, amongst which are the sound usage of the present anti-TB drugs and the development of prompt and specific tools for the diagnosis of resistance. To examine the role of drugs in the treatment of resistant TB, we investigated the general crossresistance between kanamycin and amikacin, which has been reported in numerous studies. READ MORE

  5. 25. Antibiotic Resistance and Population Dynamics of Escherichia coli in Relation to a Large Scale Antibiotic Consumption Intervention

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Martin Sundqvist; Uppsala universitet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; reversibility; trimethoprim; dfr; associated resistance; MLST; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Infectious diseases; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Infektionssjukdomar; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Microbiology Clinical bacteriology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Mikrobiologi Klinisk bakteriologi; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Microbiology Medical microbiology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Mikrobiologi Medicinsk mikrobiologi; Infectious Diseases; Infektionssjukdomar;

    Abstract : Antibiotic resistance challenges the practice and development of modern medicine. The aim of this thesis was to test the hypothesis that antibiotic resistance is reversible once the selection pressure of an antibiotic is removed. READ MORE