Search for dissertations about: "back contacts"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 28 swedish dissertations containing the words back contacts.

  1. 1. Alternative back contacts for CZTS thin film solar cells

    Author : Sven Englund; Charlotte Platzer Björkman; Jonathan J. Scragg; Levent Gütay; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; CZTS; thin film solar cells; back contacts; passivation; interface; titanium nitride; ATO; antimony-doped tin oxide; transparent back contact; CZTS; tunnfilmssolceller; bakkontakter; passivering; gränsskikt; mellanskikt; titannitrid; antimondopad tennoxid; ATO; transparent bakkontakt; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot elektronik; Engineering Science with specialization in Electronics;

    Abstract : In this thesis, alternative back contacts for Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin film solar cells were investigated. Back contacts for two different configurations were studied, namely traditional single-junction cells with opaque back contacts and transparent back contacts for possible use in either tandem or bifacial solar cell configuration. READ MORE

  2. 2. Silicon nanowire based devices for More than Moore Applications

    Author : Ganesh Jayakumar; Per-Erik Hellström; Mikael Östling; Luca Selmi; KTH; []
    Keywords : silicon nanowire; biosensor; CMOS; sequential integration; lab-on-chip; LOC; high-K; high-K integration on SiNW biosensor; ALD; fluid gate; back gate; SiNW; SiNW pixel matrix; FEOL; pattern transfer lithography; sidewall transfer lithography; STL; multi-target bio detection; BEOL; nanonets; silicon nanonets; SiNN-FET; SiNW-FET; CMOS integration of nanowires; CMOS integration of nanonets; monolithic 3D integration of nanowires; above-IC integration of nanowires; DNA detection using SiNW; SiNW biosensor; dry environment DNA detection; DNA hybridization detection using SiNW; SiNW functionalization; SiNW silanization; SiNW grafting; FEOL integration of SiNW; BEOL integration of SiNW; sequential multiplexed biodetection; biodetection efficiency of SiNW; front end of line integration of SiNW; back end of line integration of SiNW; SiNW dry environment functionalization; APTES cross-linker; accessing SiNW test site; fluorescence microscopy of SiNW; geometry of SiNW; SiNW biosensor variability; top-down fabrication of SiNW; bottom-up fabrication of SiNW; VLS method; ams foundry CMOS process; adding functionality in BEOL process; sensor integration in BEOL process; hafnium oxide; HfO2; aluminium oxide; Al2O3; TiN backgate; Nickel source drain; ISFET; ion sensitive field effect transistor; Overcoming Nernst limit of detection using SiNW; SiNW sub-threshold region operation; ASIC; SOC; SiGe selective epitaxy; epitaxial growth of SiNW; epitaxial growth of nanowires; epitaxial growth of nanonets; nickel silicide contacts; salicide process; high yield SiNW fabrication; high volume SiNW fabrication; silicon ribbon; SiRi pixel; SiRi biosensor; SiRi DNA detection; monolithic 3D integration of nanonets; above-IC integration of nanonets; impact of back gate voltage on silicon nanowire; impact of back gate voltage on SiNW; FDSOI; fully depleted silicon on insulator technology; metal backgate; wafer scale integration of SiNW; wafer scale integration of nanonets; impact of backgate voltage on CMOS inverter circuit; frequency divider; D flip-flop; Informations- och kommunikationsteknik; Information and Communication Technology;

    Abstract : Silicon nanowires (SiNW) are in the spotlight for a few years in the research community as a good candidate for biosensing applications. This is attributed to their small dimensions in nanometer scale that offers high sensitivity, label-free detection and at the same time utilizing small amount of sample. READ MORE

  3. 3. Sickness Absence with Musculoskeletal Diagnoses : An Eleven-Year Follow-Up of Young Persons

    Author : Karin Borg; Kristina Alexanderson; John Carstensen; Per-Olof Östergren; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : sickness absence; sick leave; ill health; disability pension; musculoskeletal diagnoses; low back; neck; shoulder; clients’ perceptions of treatment; health-line; self-rated health; MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Abstract : Background: In Sweden, as well as in most Western countries, sickness absence is a major public health problem that has increased in recent years. This is a complex phenomenon related not only to ill health factors, but also to other factors on the levels of the individual, the family, the workplace, and the society. READ MORE

  4. 4. Promoting return to work : lay experiences after sickness absence with musculoskeletal diagnoses

    Author : Gunnel Östlund; Gunnel Hensing; Elisabet Cedersund; Anne Hammarström; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : Musculoskeletal disorders; back pain; neck and shoulder pain; sickness absence; sick leave; qualitative interview; lay knowledge; patient satisfaction; rehabilitation; gender; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders constitute the greatest cause of sickness absence from work. Despite research and efforts at rehabilitation, sickness absence due to these disorders has not decreased, but has instead increased, particularly in women. Clients’ perceptions of care and rehabilitation, i.e. READ MORE

  5. 5. In the confines of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells with rear surface passivating oxide layers

    Author : Dorothea Ledinek; Marika Edoff; Charlotte Platzer Björkman; Jan Keller; Christian Kaufmann; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Alkali; Alumina; Back contact; CIGS; CIGSe; Hafnia; Passivation; Rear contact; Sodium fluoride; Ultra-thin; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot elektronik; Engineering Science with specialization in Electronics;

    Abstract : The material supply to build renewable energy conversion systems needs to be considered from both a cost and an energy security perspective. For Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin film solar cells the use of indium in the absorber layer is most problematic. READ MORE