Search for dissertations about: "birth asphyxia"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 24 swedish dissertations containing the words birth asphyxia.

  1. 1. Birth asphyxia : Fetal scalp blood sampling and risk factors for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy

    Author : Lena Liljeström; Maria Jonsson; Anna-Karin Wikström; Ulf Högberg; Andreas Herbst; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : asphyxia; fetal scalp blood sampling; hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy; obstetric emergencies; operative deliveries for fetal distress; overweight; short stature; Obstetrik och gynekologi; Obstetrics and Gynaecology;

    Abstract : Preventing birth asphyxia is a major challenge in delivery care. The aims of this thesis were to evaluate fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS) and explore risk factors for moderate to severe neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). READ MORE

  2. 2. Perinatal brain injury - markers and mediators. Non-protein-bound iron and pro-inflammatory cytokines in newborn infants and neonatal pigs

    Author : Karin Sävman; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Asphyxia; hypoxia; posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation; preterm; newborn; perinatal; brain; cerebrospinal fluid; cytokines; IL-1ß; IL-6; IL-8; TNF-a; non-protein-bound-iron;

    Abstract : Two groups of newborn infants have an increased risk for perinatal brain injury; preterm infants and term infants subjected to birth asphyxia. Experimental studies indicate that hypoxic-ischemic insults in the perinatal period initiate a secondary neurotoxic cascade including formation of toxic reactive oxygen species as well as an inflammatory response with elevated levels of potentially neurotoxic cytokines. READ MORE

  3. 3. Neonatal resuscitation - studies in piglets

    Author : Rikard Linnér; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Newborn resuscitation; birth asphyxia; cerebral oxygenation; adrenaline; noradrenaline; severe hypoventilation; surfactant; nebulisation; vibrating mesh nebuliser. CPAP; lung deposition; lung distribution.;

    Abstract : Background and aims: “It’s best to start with air” states the current guidelines on the resuscitation of babies at birth. In a piglet model mimicking severe neonatal asphyxia and circulatory arrest, different aspects of resuscitation were investigated (studies I-III). READ MORE

  4. 4. Fetal reactivity assessment during intrapartum stress by analysis of the fetal ECG signal

    Author : Sofia Blad; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : FHR variability; fetal ECG; Asphyxia; Intrauterine infection; Residual method; STAN;

    Abstract : Fetal responses to the stress of labour and delivery are constituted by a combination of changes in neuronal, hormonal and organ based reactions. The aim of electronic fetal monitoring is to identify fetuses at risk of hypoxia during birth, thus enabling timely intervention to avoid an adverse outcome. READ MORE

  5. 5. Cerebral Injury in Perinatal Asphyxia, epidemiological, clinical, neurophysiological and neuromatabolic investigations

    Author : Kristina Thorngren-Jerneck; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi; Neurology; Pediatri; Pediatrics; S100; EEG; CMRgl; cerebral glucose metabolism; FDG-PET; CP; infant; perinatal asphyxia; hypoxia-ischemia;

    Abstract : Perinatal asphyxia with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is the most important cause of perinatal mortality and cerebral palsy (CP) in infants born at term. The aim of the thesis was to investigate epidemiology of perinatal asphyxia, and to investigate early clinical neurological symptoms after perinatal asphyxia in relation to cerebral glucose metabolism (CMRgl) measured by 18-FDG-PET, neurophysiological function, some biochemical markers, also in relation to long-term outcome. READ MORE