Search for dissertations about: "brain plasticity"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 142 swedish dissertations containing the words brain plasticity.

  1. 1. Brain morphology and behaviour in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata) : Effects of plasticity and mosaic brain evolution

    Author : Stephanie Fong; Niclas Kolm; Björn Rogell; Stephen Montgomery; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; brain plasticity; cognition; reversal learning; spatial learning; directed selection; mosaic brain; heritability; brain morphology; boldness; relative telencephalon size; inhibitory control; detour task; Poecilia reticulata; etologi; Ethology;

    Abstract : Understanding how brains have evolved and subsequently culminated in the huge variation in brain morphology among contemporary vertebrate species has fascinated researchers for many decades. It has been recognized that brain morphology is both genetically and environmentally determined. READ MORE

  2. 2. Brain plasticity and hand function

    Author : Anders Björkman; Malmö Handkirurgi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatologi; Neurology; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatology; Surgery; Medicin människa och djur ; Medicine human and vertebrates ; hand function; nerve injury; brain plasticity; orthopaedics;

    Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to investigate the effects of cortical reorganisational changes following experimental deafferentation and peripheral nerve injury and apply the concept of brain plasticity to enhance sensory re-education following peripheral nerve injury and repair in the hand. In the first two papers the effects on hand function of contralateral deafferentation was investigated. READ MORE

  3. 3. Plasticity and Inflammation following Traumatic Brain Injury

    Author : Anders Hånell; Niklas Marklund; Lars Hillered; Nikolaus Plesnila; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Traumatic Brain Injury; plasticity; inflammation; Nogo receptor; EphA4; IL-1β; Neurosurgery; Neurokirurgi; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Abstract : Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) mainly affects young persons in traffic accidents and the elderly in fall accidents. Improvements in the clinical management have significantly improved the outcome following TBI but survivors still suffer from depression, memory problems, personality changes, epilepsy and fatigue. READ MORE

  4. 4. Sensorimotor Brain Plasticity in Stroke Patients with Dysphagia : A Methodological Study on Investigation and Treatment

    Author : Mary Hägg; Matti Anniko; Ulla Friberg; Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Otorhinolaryngology; Brain plasticity; Controls; Dysphagia; Deglutition; Facial palsy; Lip force; Muscle training; Orofacial regulation; Reliability; Sensitivity; Specificity; Stroke; Swallowing capacity; Otorhinolaryngologi;

    Abstract : AimsThe aims of the thesis were to validate investigation instruments for stroke patients with dysphagia, and to improve oropharyngeal dysphagia therapies.Methods/ResultsA Lip Force Meter, LF 100, affirmed excellent intra- and inter-reliability, sensitivity and specificity. READ MORE

  5. 5. Brain Regeneration - in vitro and in vivo studies of exercise-related effects on brain plasticity

    Author : Cecilia Bull; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : brain; neural progenitor cells; stem cells; hippocampus; corpus collosum; rat; mouse; regeneration; neurogenesis; oligodendrogenesis; irradiation; exercise;

    Abstract : Neural stem and progenitor cells in the germinal regions of the adult brain, such as the hippocampus, are of great interest, because they provide the possibility for enhanced brain plasticity or can contribute to endogenous cell replacement after injury or disease. Voluntary exercise was recently shown to robustly induce cellular and structural plasticity, thereby contributing to overall brain health. READ MORE