Search for dissertations about: "breast cancer"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 726 swedish dissertations containing the words breast cancer.

  1. 1. Breast cancer : Multifocality, heterogeneity, and related genetic signatures

    Author : Gyula Pekar; Dumanski Jan; Sapino Anna; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : breast; breast cancer multifocality; molecular phenotypes; intertumoral heterogeneity; biobanking; gene copy number aberrations;

    Abstract : Breast carcinoma often exhibits a complex subgross morphology and may occupy a large volume of the breast tissue and show unifocal, multifocal or diffuse growth patterns. Expression of estrogen- and progesterone receptors, HER2 overexpression, tumor grade, and proliferative activity allows us to classify breast carcinoma into molecular subgroups (Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2-type, triple negative, and basal-like). READ MORE

  2. 2. Prostate cancer : epidemiological studies of risk factors

    Author : Camilla Thellenberg Karlsson; Beatrice Malmer; Henrik Grönberg; Anders Bergh; Peter Iversen; Gunnar Aus; Jan-Erik Damber; Umeå universitet; Gothenburg University; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prostate cancer; epidemiology; SNP; BRCA2; male breast cancer; inflammation; BPH; P53; Oncology; Onkologi;

    Abstract : In spite of the fact that prostate cancer is the most common male cancer in both Sweden and many other countries in the developed world, little is known of risk factors and predisposing conditions. The only well recognized risk factors are age, race and familial aggregation. READ MORE

  3. 3. Molecular Cytogenetics in Sporadic Breast Cancer

    Author : Karin Rennstam; Bröstca-genetik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; onkologi; oncology; Cytology; Cytologi; cancer; gene expression; gene amplification; tumor development; cDNA microarray; fluorescence in situ hybridization FISH ; breast cancer; comparative genomic hybridization CGH ; cancerology; ERBB2;

    Abstract : In recent time breast cancer has become the most common form of female cancer in the western world. It has been estimated that the lifetime risk of women falling ill from the disease is 10%. The number of patients diagnosed each year has been increasing steadily since the 1970s. READ MORE

  4. 4. Wnt-5a signaling in breast cancer metastasis

    Author : Annette Säfholm; Malmö Experimentell patologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Patologi allmän ; patologisk anatomi; General pathology; cancer; onkologi; Cytologi; breast cancer; Wnt-5a; migration; pathological anatomy; metastasis; signal transduction; peptides; Cytology; cancerology; oncology;

    Abstract : Breast cancer is the most common form of malignancy affecting women in the Western world. Today, anticancer treatment can control primary breast tumors, but treatment and prevention of metastatic disease still represents a major challenge in the management of breast cancer patients. READ MORE

  5. 5. Functional and Molecular Characterization of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Associated Breast Cancer

    Author : Johan Vallon-Christersson; Bröstca-genetik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; onkologi; cancer; Cytologi; cancerology; Cytology; BioArray Software Environment; BASE; Software; Open-source; Copy number; Gene expression; Microarray; BRCA2; BRCA1; Breast cancer; Hereditary cancer; oncology;

    Abstract : This doctoral dissertation is based on five appended papers primarily concerned with three main topics, namely: the functional characterization of specific and clinically relevant perturbations found in BRCA1 ? one of the major breast cancer susceptibility genes; the use of microarray technologies for molecular characterization of hereditary breast tumor samples from a genomic perspective; and finally, the development of software to address some of the logistical problems of data analysis and management that arise when utilizing microarrays. Results obtained from the work presented herein demonstrate the following: that transcription az says can aid in the characterization of C-terminal missense mutations but that it may not be possible to unambiguously characterize variants with a yeast-based assay alone; that a naturally occurring C-terminal germline mutation in BRCA1 encodes a protein with apparent temperature-dependant functional properties; that open-source software can provide comprehensive solutions to meet data management needs of microarray experimenters; that BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated breast tumors exhibit markedly different copy number aberrations when compared to each other as well as to sporadic tumors; and that gene expression profiling in BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated breast tumors reveals specific gene expression patterns. READ MORE