Search for dissertations about: "carboxylic acid"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 116 swedish dissertations containing the words carboxylic acid.

  1. 1. Molecular Insight into Ion-Specific Interactions Vibrational Sum Frequency Study of the Carboxylic Acid Moiety

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Adrien Sthoer; KTH.; [2019]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; specific ion effects; carboxylic acid; fatty acid Langmuir monolayer; vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy; VSFS; Electrical double layer;

    Abstract : Ion specific effects at charged interfaces find numerous applications in colloidal sciences and play a vital role in many biological processes. Despite having been studied for over a century, starting with the work of F. Hofmeister in the 1880s, a comprehensive molecular  understanding remains elusive. READ MORE

  2. 2. Structure-Reactivity Correlations for Reactions of Palladium(II) and Platinum(IV) Complexes

    University dissertation from Inorganic Chemistry, Chemical Center, Lund University

    Author : Tiesheng Shi; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1997]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; thiol; l-methionine; maleic acid; carboxylic acid; thioether; platinum IV ; palladium II ; linear free energy relationship; volumes of activation; structure-reactivity correlation; reduction; substitution; equilibria; kinetics; mechanism; glutathione; Animal physiology; Djurfysiologi;

    Abstract : The kinetics and mechanism for substitution reactions on tetraaquapalladium(II) by an extended series of thioethers, a great number of carboxylic acids, and olefins have been studied by use of UV-VIS, stopped-flow, and high-pressure stopped-flow spectrophotometry and NMR spectroscopy. Second-order rate constants k and activation parameters (activation enthalpies, entropies, and volumes) for formation of monodentate 1:1 complexes have been determined. READ MORE

  3. 3. Group (IV) Metal-Catalyzed Direct Amidation Synthesis and Mechanistic Considerations

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University

    Author : Helena Lundberg; Stockholms universitet.; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; catalysis; amide; carboxylic acid; amino acid; titanium; zirconium; hafnium; Organic Chemistry; organisk kemi;

    Abstract : The amide unit constitutes the backbone of proteins, and it is present in a large number of pharmaceutically active molecules, polymeric materials such as nylon and Kevlar, as well as in food additives like aspartame. Amides are produced in enormous amounts every year, thus, environmentally friendly and selective methods for their formation are of great importance. READ MORE

  4. 4. Palladium(II)-Catalysed Heck and Addition Reactions Exploring Decarboxylative and Desulfitative Processes

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Bobo Skillinghaug; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Palladium; catalysis; palladium II catalysis; synthesis; Heck; carboxylic acid; sulfinic acid; sodium sulfinate; nitrile; styrene; ketone; aryl ketone; electrospray ionization mass spectrometry; density functional theory; microwave heating; continuous flow; Chemistry with specialization in Organic Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi;

    Abstract : Palladium complexes have the ability to catalyse cross-coupling of two organic moieties through the formation of transient metal-carbon bonds, thus bringing them closer to each other to facilitate the formation of a new bond. Palladium-catalysed coupling reactions are one of the most important carbon-carbon forming reactions available to organic chemists and many of these reactions rely on the reactivity of aryl-palladium complexes. READ MORE

  5. 5. Calcium Carbonate Precipitation in Presence of Carboxylic Acids

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Kemiteknik

    Author : Karl-Johan Westin; KTH.; [2003]
    Keywords : calcium carbonate; precipitation; crystallization; carboxylic acids;

    Abstract : With a metal removal process based on precipitation aimed atthe purification of pulping effluent as a starting point, theinfluence of carboxylic acids on calcium carbonateprecipitation has been studied. The chosen carboxylic acids canact as more or less strong complexing agents for aqueouscalcium, just as many compounds found in pulping liquors. READ MORE