Search for dissertations about: "catalytic mechanisms"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 222 swedish dissertations containing the words catalytic mechanisms.

  1. 1. On Catalytic Mechanisms for Rational Enzyme Design Strategies

    Author : Charlotte Kürten; Per-Olof Syrén; Rudolf Allemann; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; catalytic mechanisms; terpene cyclase; triterpene cyclase; solvent dynamics; protein hydration; thermodynamics; quantum tunneling; polycyclization; natural compounds; ? ?-hydrolase; esterase; amidase; enzyme engineering; biocatalysis; Biotechnology; Bioteknologi;

    Abstract : Enzymes enable life by promoting chemical reactions that govern the metabolism of all living organisms. As green catalysts, they have been extensively used in industry. However, to reach their full potential, engineering is often required, which can benefit from a detailed understanding of the underlying reaction mechanism. READ MORE

  2. 2. Exploring Novel Catalytic Chalcogenide Antioxidants

    Author : Henrik Johansson; Lars Engman; Helena Grennberg; Troels Skrydstrup; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; antioxidant; tellurium; selenium; catalytic; toxicity; ROS; neutrophil; glutathione peroxidase mimic; macrophage.; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi; Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi; Chemistry with specialization in Organic Chemistry;

    Abstract : This thesis is concerned with the synthesis and evaluation of regenerable chalcogen containing antioxidants. Variously substituted 2,3-dihydrobenzo[b]selenophene-5-ol antioxidants were evaluated in order to gain information about structure/reactivity-relationships. READ MORE

  3. 3. Multicomponent Catalytic Reactions : Theoretical and Experimental Studies

    Author : Martin Pauze; Enrique Gomez Bengoa; Belen Martin-Matute; Vincent Gandon; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; C-H Activation; Quaternary Quinolinium; Organocatalyst; Transition Metal Catalyst; Umpolung Strategy; Multi-step Reactions; Mechanistic Investigation; Density Functional Theory; organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry;

    Abstract : In this thesis, Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods have been applied to study the mechanisms of three different multicomponent organic reactions. Also, a new synthetic procedure for the preparation of quinolinium salts is presented, and its mechanism also studied by DFT calculations. READ MORE

  4. 4. Probing Catalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Biomimetic Diiron Complexes through Time-resolved Absorption Spectroscopy

    Author : Shihuai Wang; Leif Hammarström; Reiner Lomoth; Jillian Dempsey; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Artificial photosynthesis; Biomimetic catalysts; H2 formation; Catalytic intermediates;

    Abstract : Directed design of improved molecular catalysts for hydrogen evolution reactions relies on rational benchmarking based on a detailed understanding about the mechanism of catalysis. Specifically, investigation of multi-electron redox catalysis, with structural characterization of catalytic intermediates, combined with the kinetics of their transformations, can reveal the rate-limiting step of the overall reaction, possible degradation pathways and the function of structural motives. READ MORE

  5. 5. Catalytic mechanisms and evolution of leukotriene A4 hydrolyse

    Author : Fredrik Tholander; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Inflammation is the first response of the body to infection or physical irritation. This response can potentially trigger the whole immune system but in the initial stage mainly involves leukocytes of the innate immune system and a complex cascade of chemical mediators, which by different means control, maintain and resolve the process. READ MORE