Search for dissertations about: "causation by absence"

Found 3 swedish dissertations containing the words causation by absence.

  1. 1. Philosophical controversies in the evaluation of medical treatments With a focus on the evidential roles of randomization and mechanisms in Evidence-Based Medicine

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Alexander Mebius; KTH.; [2015]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Evidence; randomized controlled trials; observational studies; systematic reviews; meta-analysis; methodology; process assessment; outcome assessment; medical care; randomization; evidence-based medicine; selection bias; philosophy of medicine; philosophy of science; mechanisms; quality of evidence; animal studies; treatment effect; causation by absence; medical technology; Philosophy; Filosofi;

    Abstract : This thesis examines philosophical controversies surrounding the evaluation of medical treatments, with a focus on the evidential roles of randomised trials and mechanisms in Evidence-Based Medicine. Current 'best practice' usually involves excluding non-randomised trial evidence from systematic reviews in cases where randomised trials are available for inclusion in the reviews. READ MORE

  2. 2. Aggregating Case Studies of Vehicle Crashes by Means of Causation Charts An Evaluation and Revision of the Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method

    University dissertation from Göteborg : Chalmers University of Technology

    Author : Jesper Sandin; [2008]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; 81 Road: Accidents; 81 Road: Accidents; 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 841 Road: Road user behaviour; Accident; Cause; Classification; Characteristics; Driver; Error; vehicle dynamics; driver error; young drivers; rollover; pre-crash; fatigue; collision avoidance; slipperiness;

    Abstract : There is a need for increased knowledge about causes to motor-vehicle crashes and their prevention. Multidisciplinary in-depth case studies can provide detailed causation data that is otherwise unattainable. Such data might allow the formulation of hypotheses of causes and causal relationships for further study. READ MORE

  3. 3. Causal effects of education on cognition : how do we generate evidence?

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society

    Author : Dominika Seblova; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2019]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Background: Education is a key institution in our societies, and should prepare us for future by improving cognition and teaching us needed life skills. Education is associated with many aspects of life, including health. READ MORE