Search for dissertations about: "cell"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 10394 swedish dissertations containing the word cell.

  1. 1. α-Cell signalling in glucose-regulated glucagon secretion

    Author : Qian Yu; Anders Tengholm; Erik Gylfe; Sebastian Barg; David W Piston; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Islets; glucagon; insulin; somatostatin; ATP; cAMP; Ca2 ; GHB; oscillations; α-cell; β-cell; δ-cell; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Glucagon is a blood glucose-elevating hormone released from α-cells in the islets of Langerhans during hypoglycaemia. Glucagon is critical for glucose homeostasis and inappropriate regulation of its secretion underlies both impaired counter-regulation of hypoglycaemia and chronic hyperglycaemia in diabetes patients. READ MORE

  2. 2. Effects of adenosine and acetylcholine on the lacrimal gland

    Author : Stina K. Carlsson; J. Peter Gierow; Sven Tågerud; Darlene Dartt; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Lacrimal gland; adenosine; adenosine receptors; signal transduction; exocrine secretion; tear film; dry eye; Sjögren’s syndrome; acetylcholine; mitogen activated protein kinase; p38; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; Ophtalmology; Oftalmologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Biomedicinsk vetenskap; Biomedical Sciences;

    Abstract : A balanced tear film is essential for a healthy ocular surface. Insufficient tear production may result in dry eye, a common disorder in the elderly population. Dry eye causes significant discomfort in the patients and may lead to visual impairment and ocular infections. READ MORE

  3. 3. Unique Solutions to Universal Problems : Studies of the Archaeal Cell

    Author : Erik A. Pelve; Rolf Bernander; Sonja Verena Albers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Archaea; Cdv; Cell cycle; Cell division; Cell lysis; Crenarchaea; ESCRT-III; Flow cytometry; Microarray; Microscopy; Nitrosopumilus; SIRV2; Sulfolobus; Thaumarchaea; Transcription; VAP; Virus; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär evolution; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution;

    Abstract : Archaea is one of the three domains of life and studies of archaeal biology are important for understanding of life in extreme environments, fundamental biogeochemical processes, the origin of life, the eukaryotic cell and their own, unique biology. This thesis presents four studies of the archaeal cell, using the extremophilic Sulfolobus and ocean living Nitrosopumilus as model systems. READ MORE

  4. 4. Extracellular Matrix Based Materials for Tissue Engineering

    Author : Cecilia Aulin; Jöns Hilborn; Tim Bowden; Laura Creemers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Extracellular matrix; collagen synthesis; bioreactor; cell culture; bone morphogenetic protein-2; noggin; hyaluronan; cartilage; Medical technology; Medicinsk teknik; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi; Transplantation surgery; Transplantationskirurgi; Biomaterials; Biomaterial; Morphology; cell biology; pathology; Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Polymer chemistry; Polymerkemi; Materials chemistry; Materialkemi; cellforskning; Cell Research; materialvetenskap; Materials Science; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; ortopedi; Orthopaedics;

    Abstract : The extracellular matrix is (ECM) is a network of large, structural proteins and polysaccharides, important for cellular behavior, tissue development and maintenance. Present thesis describes work exploring ECM as scaffolds for tissue engineering by manipulating cells cultured in vitro or by influencing ECM expression in vivo. READ MORE

  5. 5. Genetic pathways controlling CNS development : The role of Notch signaling in regulating daughter cell proliferation in Drosophila

    Author : Caroline Bivik Stadler; Stefan Thor; Jan-Ingvar Jönsson; Allison Bardin; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The human central nervous system (CNS) displays the greatest cellular diversity of any organ system, consisting of billions of neurons, of numerous cell sub-types, interconnected in a vast network. Given this enormous complexity, decoding the genetic programs controlling the multistep process of CNS development remains a major challenge. READ MORE