Search for dissertations about: "chemical composition"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1058 swedish dissertations containing the words chemical composition.

  1. 1. Titanium oxide nanoparticle production using high power pulsed plasmas

    Author : Rickard Gunnarsson; Ulf Helmersson; Grzegorz Greczynski; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Abstract : This thesis covers fundamental aspects of process control when growing titanium oxide nanoparticles in a reactive sputtering process. It covers the influence of oxygen containing gas on the oxidation state of the cathode from which the growth material is ejected, as well as its influence on the particles oxidation state and their nucleation. READ MORE

  2. 2. Fuel conversion and ash formation interactions : a thermochemical study on lignocellulosic biomass

    Author : Anna Strandberg; Markus Broström; Rainer Backman; Christoffer Boman; Maria Zevenhoven; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Char conversion; pyrolysis; devolatilization; ash transformation; biomass; fuel characterization; fuel composition; ash composition; silicate formation; carbonate formation; thermogravimetric analysis; micro-tomography;

    Abstract : Biomass is considered to be CO2 neutral, and to be able to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels the need for expanded and sustainable biomass feedstock is increasing. Ash-related problems are some of the most important aspects of this increasing use of new biomass assortments in thermal energy conversion systems. READ MORE

  3. 3. Controlling the growth of nanoparticles produced in a high power pulsed plasma

    Author : Rickard Gunnarsson; Ulf Helmersson; Nils Brenning; Holger Kersten; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Abstract : Nanotechnology can profoundly benefit our health, environment and everyday life. In order to make this a reality, both technological and theoretical advancements of the nanomaterial synthesis methods are needed. READ MORE

  4. 4. Co-firing animal waste, sludge, residue wood, peat and forest fuels in a 50MWth CFB boiler : ash transformation, availability and process improvements

    Author : Henrik Hagman; Dan Boström; Rainer Backman; Anders Nordin; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Co-combustion; animal waste; peat; waste wood; forest residues; industrial sludge; limestone; CFB boiler; ash transformation; corrosion; erosion; ash and deposit characteristics; deposit buildup; boiler failures; availability; sulfation; boiler design; boiler conversion; waste derived fuels; large scale; Samförbränning; animaliskt avfall; torv; returträ; skogsbränsle; reningsslam; askomvandling; korrotion; erosion; ask- och beläggnings-karaktäristik; beläggningstillväxt; tillgänglighet; sulfatisering; panndesign; pannkonvertering; avfallsderiverade bränslen; storskalig;

    Abstract : The direct variable costs for heat and electricity production based on solid biomass fuel combustion is approximately 3-5 times lower than the costs in a fossil fuel-oil based boiler in Sweden. In addition waste derived biomass fuels are typically much cheaper than biomass not classified as waste. READ MORE

  5. 5. Computational Studies of Chemical Interactions: Molecules, Surfaces and Copper Corrosion

    Author : Joakim Halldin Stenlid; Tore Brinck; Thomas Bligaard; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; computational chemistry; density functional theory; chemical interactions; reactivity descriptors; copper corrosion; surface and materials science; nucleophilic substitution reactions; heterogeneous catalysis; transition metal oxides; nanotechnology; beräkningskemi; täthetsfunktionalteori; kemiska interaktioner; reaktivitetsdeskriptorer; kopparkorrosion; yt- och materialvetenskap; nukleofila substitutionsreaktioner; heterogen katalys; överångsmetalloxider; nanoteknologi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : The chemical bond – a corner stone in science and a prerequisite for life – is the focus of this thesis. Fundamental and applied aspects of chemical bonding are covered including the development of new computational methods for the characterization and rationalization of chemical interactions. READ MORE