Search for dissertations about: "chemical potential"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1627 swedish dissertations containing the words chemical potential.

  1. 1. Mechanisms of Biopolymer Solvation: Development of a two-component ionic liquid solvent system

    Author : Susanne Bylin; [2014]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ionic liquids; solvation; mechanism; xylan; lignin; cellulose; wood components;

    Abstract : Ionic liquids are of potential interest in the processing of lignocellulosic biomass, and/or its components, for the purpose of producing renewable and value-added biomaterials. An understanding of how solvation can be achieved and the way in which the feedstock biopolymers are affected, however, needs to be gained prior to a viable implementation. READ MORE

  2. 2. Lean NOx reduction by alternative fuels - with focus on catalysts for dimethyl ether

    Author : Sara U Erkfeldt; [2011]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biofuel; In2O3; lean NOx reduction; alumina; Cu-ZSM-5; Ga2O3; DME; hydrocarbon-SCR; alternative fuel; NOx storage; B2O3; Ag Al2O3;

    Abstract : There is an increased demand for diesel engines running on non-fossil fuels such as dimethyl ether (DME), biodiesel and synthetic diesel. DME is a promising alternative fuel with potential for high energy efficiency and low CO2 emissions. However, during all high temperature combustion NOx is formed, which may require exhaust aftertreatment. READ MORE

  3. 3. Facilitating electron transfer in bioelectrocatalytic systems

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Alina Sekretaryova; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Abstract : Bioelectrocatalytic systems are based on biological entities, such as enzymes, whole cells, parts of cells or tissues, which catalyse electrochemical processes that involve the interaction between chemical change and electrical energy. In all cases, biocatalysis is implemented by enzymes, isolated or residing inside cells or part of cells. READ MORE

  4. 4. Diffusion studies in gels using holographic laser interferometry

    University dissertation from Chemical Engineering 1, Lund University

    Author : Charlotte Mattisson; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [1999]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; chemical potential; ionic strenght; pH; cubic phase; partition coefficient; holographic laser interferometry; holography; pullulan; lysozyme; BSA; macromolecules; diffusion; gel; Poisson-Boltzmann; Chemical technology and engineering; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi;

    Abstract : This thesis is an investigation of the potential of holographic laser interferometry for the study of diffusion of both small solutes and macromolecules. An investigation on the importance of errors due to light deflection in refarctive index gradients showed that the magnitude of the refractive index gradients were negligible for the system investigated. READ MORE

  5. 5. Microkinetic Modeling of Nanoparticle Catalysis using Density Functional Theory

    University dissertation from ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Author : Mikkel Jørgensen; [2017]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Density Functional Theory; Methane oxidation; Mean-field approximation; Microkinetic modeling; Kinetic Monte Carlo; Nanoparticles; Entropy; CO oxidation; Catalysis;

    Abstract : Heterogeneous catalysis is vitally important to modern society, and one path towardsrational catalyst design is through atomistic scale understanding. The atomistic scalecan be linked to macroscopic observables by microkinetic models based on first-principlescalculations. READ MORE