Search for dissertations about: "chronic lymphocytic leukemia"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 78 swedish dissertations containing the words chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

  1. 1. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia : Studies from genetics to epidemiology with focus on the impact of different treatments

    Author : Mattias Mattsson; Richard Rosenquist; Clemens Wendtner; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Chronic lymphocytic leukemia; genetics; epidemiology; Klinisk genetik; Clinical Genetics; Epidemiologi; Epidemiology;

    Abstract : The progress in our understanding of the biology and pathophysiology of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), as well as the development of new treatments, necessitates additional research on; (i) the impact of different therapies within subgroups of CLL patients, (ii) solid epidemiological data on the prevalence of CLL and on comorbidities within the CLL population, and (iii) new means of prognostication, as the value of traditional prognostic markers is uncertain when applied to new treatments.In paper I we studied the efficacy of chemo(immuno)therapy in stereotyped subsets #1 and #2. READ MORE

  2. 2. Genomic and transcriptomic sequencing in chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    Author : Diego Cortese; Richard Professor; Carlos López Otín; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; chronic; lymphocytic; leukemia; CLL; genomics; transcriptomics; DNA; RNA; mutations; NGS; whole-exome; sequencing; prognostic; markers; TP53; SF3B1; RPS15; relapse; stereotyped; subsets.;

    Abstract : Identification of recurrent mutations through next-generation sequencing (NGS) has given us a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) development and progression and provided novel means for risk assessment in this clinically heterogeneous disease. In paper I, we screened a population-based cohort of CLL patients (n=364) for TP53, NOTCH1, SF3B1, BIRC3 and MYD88 mutations using Sanger sequencing, and confirmed the negative prognostic impact of TP53, SF3B1 or NOTCH1 aberrations, though at lower frequencies compared to previous studies. READ MORE

  3. 3. Immunoglobulin Gene Analysis in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia : Characterization of New Prognostic and Biological Subsets

    Author : Gerard Tobin; Richard Rosenquist; Christer Sundström; Anna Laurell; Nicholas Chiorazzi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Genetics; chronic lymphocytic leukemia; immunoglobulin genes; VH3-21; CDR3; P2X7; Genetik; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik;

    Abstract : Recent studies have shown that the somatic mutation status of the immunoglobulin (Ig) VH genes can divide chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) into two prognostic subsets, since cases with mutated VH genes display superior survival compared to unmutated cases. Biased VH gene usage has also been reported in CLL which may reflect antigen selection. READ MORE

  4. 4. Array-based Characterization of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia : - with Focus on Subsets Carrying Stereotyped B-cell Receptors

    Author : Millaray Marincevic; Richard Rosenquist; Andreas Rosenwald; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; chronic lymphocytic leukemia; array-based characterization; stereotyped B-cell receptors; subsets; antigens; SNP array; gene expression array; methylation array; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik; Clinical Genetics; Klinisk genetik;

    Abstract : In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the presence of multiple subsets expressing ‘stereotyped’ B-cell receptors (BCRs) has implicated antigen(s) in leukemogenesis. These stereotyped subsets display similar immunoglobulin (IG) gene usage, almost identical complementarity determining region 3’s and may share clinical features. READ MORE

  5. 5. Novel imaging technology and tools for biomarker detection in cancer

    Author : Zahra El-Schich; Malmö högskola; []
    Keywords : Biomarkers; Kronisk lymfatisk leukemi; Early detection of cancer; Diagnosis; Leukemia; Lymphocytic; Chronic; B-Cell; Apoptosis; Digital holografi;

    Abstract : Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Normally the balance betweencell growth and cell death is strongly controlled. Chronic lymphocytic leukemiais an indolent disease that has a highly variable clinical course and is the mostcommon hematological malignancy amongst adults in the Western countries. READ MORE