Search for dissertations about: "close elections"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words close elections.

  1. 1. Parties, Majorities, Incumbencies : Four essays in political economics

    Author : Christian Odendahl; David Strömberg; Jakob Svensson; Eva Mörk; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; elections; political economics; close elections; local spending; local taxation; voter transition; incumbency; coalition governments; voting power; regression discontinuity; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : This thesis consists of four self-contained essays on political economics. The first paper studies the impact of having one party in government versus a coalition of parties, where the exogenous variation in the type of government stems from close election outcomes. READ MORE

  2. 2. Under the same shade - Popular perceptions of political change and the challenges of consolidating multiparty democracy in Tanzania

    Author : Petri Ruotsalainen; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; democracy transition; consolidation of democracy; popular perceptions; customary leadership; political change; elections; peace; unity; harmony; Tanzania;

    Abstract : This thesis deals with the question of how people in rural areas have perceived the change of political system from one-party to multi-party during the 1990s in Tanzania. Tanzania has to this date performed three general elections but still the ruling party CCM has a strong grip over politics in the country. READ MORE

  3. 3. Essays in Political Economics

    Author : Jaakko Meriläinen; Torsten Persson; David Strömberg; Toke Aidt; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Class-based voting; close elections; economic policy; ideology; local government; political parties; political promotions; political representation; politician quality; rank effects; regression discontinuity design; voting behavior; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : When Does Regression Discontinuity Design Work? Evidence from Random Election OutcomesWe use elections data in which a large number of ties in vote counts between candidates are resolved via a lottery to study the personal incumbency advantage. We benchmark non-experimental regression discontinuity design (RDD) estimates against the estimate produced by this experiment that suggests that there is no personal incumbency advantage. READ MORE

  4. 4. The malleability of political attitudes : Choice blindness, confabulation and attitude change

    Author : Thomas Strandberg; Kognitionsvetenskap; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; choice blindness; confabulation; self-perception; political psychology; attitude change;

    Abstract : This thesis is an empirical and theoretical investigation of choice blindness, in particular in the domain of political attitudes. Choice blindness is a cognitive phenomenon in which people do not notice dramatic mismatches between what they choose and what they get while still offering seemingly introspective arguments to explain their (putative) choice. READ MORE

  5. 5. Essays on Politics, Fiscal Institutions, and Public Finance

    Author : Lovisa Persson; Eva Mörk; Jon H. Fiva; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Property taxation; housing market; fiscal institutions; balanced budget rule; local public finance; fiscal consolidation; political fragmentation; median voter model; regression discontinuity; citizen candidates; party effects; right-wing populism; welfare chauvinism.; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : Essay 1 (with Mikael Elinder): We show that house prices in general did not respond to a large cut in the property tax in Sweden. Our estimates are based on rich register data covering more than 100,000 sales over a time period of two and a half years. READ MORE