Search for dissertations about: "cost-effectiveness"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 278 swedish dissertations containing the word cost-effectiveness.

  1. 1. Groin hernias and unmet need for surgery in Uganda : Epidemiology, mosquito nets and cost-effectiveness

    Author : Jenny Löfgren; Andreas Wladis; Pär Nordin; Birger Forsberg; Thomas Weiser; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Global surgery; groin hernia; groin hernia surgery; hernia epidemiology; low cost surgery; cost-effectiveness; kirurgi; Surgery;

    Abstract : Background Surgery has traditionally been considered more expensive than many other health care interventions and with little impact on the burden of disease in a global perspective. One of the reasons behind this misconception is that the effects of surgical conditions and their treatment have not been factored into the equation. READ MORE

  2. 2. Prevention of type 2 diabetes : modeling the cost-effectiveness of diabetes prevention

    Author : Anne Neumann; Lars Lindholm; Katarina Steen Carlsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; type 2 diabetes mellitus; prevention; health economics; Markov modeling; risk equations; health-related quality of life; lifestyle modification; pre-diabetic states; cost-effectiveness; Västerbotten Intervention Programme;

    Abstract : Background: Diabetes is a common and costly disease that is expected to continue even to grow in prevalence and health expenditures over the coming decades. Type 2 diabetes is the most common diabetes type and is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. READ MORE

  3. 3. The Use of Laboratory Analyses in Sweden : Quality and Cost-Effectiveness in Test Utilization

    Author : Mirja Mindemark; Anders Larsson; Lars-Olof Hansson; Per Simonsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; continuing medical education; cost control; cost savings; physician practice patterns; diagnostic tests; clinical chemistry; primary health care; health care costs; laboratory management; test utilization; trends; cost-effectiveness; inflammatory bowel disease; irritable bowel syndrome; calprotectin; cost avoidance; Clinical chemistry; Klinisk kemi; Biomedical Laboratory Science; Biomedicinsk laboratorievetenskap;

    Abstract : Laboratory analyses, essential in screening, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of disease, are indispensable in health care, but appropriate utilization is intricate. The overall aim of this thesis was to study the use of laboratory tests in Sweden with the objective to evaluate and optimize test utilization. READ MORE

  4. 4. On implementation of an endodontic program : change of practice, treatment outcome and cost-effectiveness

    Author : Margaretha Koch; Malmö högskola; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; endodontic program; treatment outcome; cost-effectiveness; dental practice; change of practice; NiTiR; root canal treatment; root canal therapy;

    Abstract : It is widely accepted that the uptake of research findings by practitionersis unpredictable, yet until they are adopted, advances intechnology and clinical research cannot improve health outcomesin patients. Despite extensive research there is limited knowledgeof the processes by which changes occur and ways of measuringthe effectiveness of change of practice. READ MORE

  5. 5. Invasive treatment for intermittent claudication - clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness

    Author : Henrik Djerf; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Intermittent claudication; peripheral arterial disease; health-related quality of life; cost-effectiveness; invasive treatment;

    Abstract : Intermittent claudication (IC) is caused by obstructive arterial lesions and is characterized by effort-induced pain in the lower extremity, limiting walking distance, and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The prevalence of IC is increasing due to the ageing of the population, and the consequences of the economic effects are a global problem. READ MORE