Search for dissertations about: "demographic surveillance"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 58 swedish dissertations containing the words demographic surveillance.

  1. 1. Counted - and then? : trends in child mortality within an Ethiopian demographic surveillance site

    Author : Anders Emmelin; Stig Wall; Peter Byass; Tord Kjellström; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; child mortality; developing countries; demographic surveillance; equity; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Abstract : Background Knowledge of the state of health of a population is necessary for planning for health services for that population. It is  a paradox that the health of populations is most commonly measured by mortality and cause of death patterns, but the absence of medical services available to a majority of the world population has made it unavoidable to equate “state of health” with “cause of death pattern”. READ MORE

  2. 2. Dying to count : mortality surveillance methods in resource-poor settings

    Author : Edward F Fottrell; Peter Byass; Heiko Becher; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mortality; surveillance; verbal autopsy; survey methods; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi;

    Abstract : Background Mortality data are critical to understanding and monitoring changes in population health status over time. Nevertheless, the majority of people living in the world’s poorest countries, where the burden of disease is highest, remain outside any kind of systematic health surveillance. READ MORE

  3. 3. Closing the gap : applying health and socio-demographic surveillance to complex health transitions in South and sub-Saharan Africa

    Author : Stephen M Tollman; Stig Wall; Demissie Habte; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; demographic surveillance system; health transition; mortality transition; fertility transition; health policy; primary health care; South Africa; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi;

    Abstract : Background: The challenge of research in resource-poor settings remains a profound concern and is closely linked to African social development. Work of this thesis spans the end of apartheid and first decade of the democratic era in South Africa, along with emergence of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. READ MORE

  4. 4. Counting deaths, accounting for lives : Novel applications of standardised verbal autopsy methods for augmented health systems

    Author : Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Verbal autopsy; cause of death; vital registration; health system; surveillance; World Health Organization;

    Abstract : Half of the world’s deaths and their causes are never recorded by virtue of the under-resourced civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems which limits capacity of health systems to respond to population needs. Verbal autopsy (VA) has emerged as a pragmatic approach for determining causes of death using standard interviews including signs, symptoms and circumstances of death, conducted with the bereaved family. READ MORE

  5. 5. Epidemiology of unintentional injuries in rural Vietnam

    Author : Hoang Minh Hang; Peter Byass; Ton That Bach; Ruth Bonita; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Public health; unintentional injury; community-based; surveillance; Vietnam; Folkhälsomedicin; Public health medicine research areas; Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; epidemiologi; Epidemiology;

    Abstract : The main objective of this epidemiological study was to assess the incidence of unintentional non-fatal injuries, together with their determinants and consequences, in a defined Vietnamese population, thus providing a basis for future prevention. A one-year follow-up survey involved four quarterly cross-sectional household injury interviews during 2000. READ MORE