Search for dissertations about: "diesel exhaust"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 164 swedish dissertations containing the words diesel exhaust.

  1. 1. Ozone and diesel exhaust : airway signaling, inflammation and pollutant interactions

    Author : Jenny Bosson; Anders Blomberg; Thomas Sandström; Ellinor Ädelroth; John Balmes; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; air pollution; ozone; diesel exhaust; airway inflammation; asthma; immunohistochemistry; Lung diseases; Lungsjukdomar; lungmedicin; Lung Medicine;

    Abstract : It is well established that air pollution has detrimental effects on both human health as well as the environment. Exposure to ozone and particulate matter pollution, is associated with an increase in cardiopulmonary mortality and morbidity. Asthmatics, elderly and children have been indicated as especially sensitive groups. READ MORE

  2. 2. Cardiovascular effects of diesel exhaust : mechanistic and interventional studies

    Author : Magnus Lundbäck; Anders Blomberg; Benoit Nemery; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; air pollution; diesel exhaust; nitrogen dioxide; endothelin-1; cardiovascular effects; exhaust particle trap; Lung diseases; Lungsjukdomar; lungmedicin; Lung Medicine;

    Abstract : Background: Air pollution is associated with negative health effects. Exposure to combustion-derived particulate matter (PM) air pollution has been related to increased incidence of cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality, specifically in susceptible populations. Ambient particles, with a diameter of less than 2. READ MORE

  3. 3. Polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) in diesel fuels and exhaust emissions : aspects of sampling techniques, chemical determination, multivariate data interpretation and PAC emissions reduction

    Author : Hang Li; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The rapid growth in the number of motor vehicles has raised serious environmental health hazard problems in urban areas associated with vehicle exhaust emissions. Exhaust emissions from heavy duty diesel vehicles are very complex mixtures containing thousands of chemical components distributed between the particulate, semivolatile and gaseous phases. READ MORE

  4. 4. Allergic airway disease : studies on diesel exhaust exposures, oxylipins and antioxidants

    Author : Nirina Larsson; Annelie Behndig; Leif Bjermer; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Asthma; allergic rhinits; diesel exhaust; airway inflammation; oxylipins; metabolomics; antioxidants; SVCT2; bronchoscopy; lungmedicin; Lung Medicine;

    Abstract : Allergic airway disease, i.e. allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma, is a common health problem. The prevalence is increasing in most countries of the world. READ MORE

  5. 5. Numerical Studies of Flow and AssociatedLosses in the Exhaust Port of a Diesel Engine

    Author : Yue Wang; Laszlo Fuchs; Mihai Mihaescu; Angelo Onorati; KTH; []
    Keywords : Internal Combustion Engine; Exhaust flow; Exhaust Valve; Exhaust Port; Large Eddy Simulation; Valve and Piston Motion; Total Pressure Losses; Energy Losses; Discharge coefficient; Flow Losses; Flow structures; Air Flow Bench; Engine-like Conditions; SRA - Energy; SRA - Energi;

    Abstract : In the last decades, the focus of internal combustion engine development has moved towards more efficient and less pollutant engines. In a Diesel engine, approximately 30-40% of the energy provided by combustion is lost through the exhaust gases. The exhaust gases are hot and therefore rich of energy. READ MORE