Search for dissertations about: "diet and disease"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 294 swedish dissertations containing the words diet and disease.

  1. 1. Diet and Cardiometabolic Disease Dietary trends and the impact of diet on diabetes and cardiovascular disease

    University dissertation from Umeå : Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin

    Author : Benno Krachler; Umeå universitet.; [2007]
    Keywords : Medicine; Cross-sectional study; Cross-sectional survey; Diet; Dietary intake; Dietary survey; Food consumption; Food frequency; Milk; MONICA; Sweden; Body Mass Index; Hip circumference; Waist circumference; Diabetes; Metabolic syndrome; Cardiometabolic syndrome; Cardiovascular disease; Erythrocyte Membrane; Fatty Acids; Membrane Lipids; Fatty acid desaturases; Pentadecanoic acid; Heptadecanoic acid; Lignan; Enterolactone; Dietary Fibre; Physical activity; Education; Smoking; Alcohol; Medicin; Medicine; medicin;

    Abstract : Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in most industrialised countries and in developing countries the trend in cardiovascular-related deaths is increasing. World-wide, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an emerging cause of disability and premature death. READ MORE

  2. 2. Dietary Fatty Acids and Inflammation Observational and Interventional Studies

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Helena Bjermo; Uppsala universitet.; [2011]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Dietary fat; Fatty acids; Serum fatty acid composition; Linoleic acid; Stearoyl coenzymeA desaturase; SCD-1; Inflammation; C-reactive protein; Oxidative stress; Lipid peroxidation; Isoprostanes; Prostaglandins; Obesity; Epidemiology; Dietary intervention; Metabolic syndrome; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Physiology Nutrition; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Fysiologi Näringslära; MEDICINE Social medicine Public health medicine research areas Epidemiology; MEDICIN Socialmedicin Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden Epidemiologi; MEDICINE Social medicine Public health medicine research areas Public health science; MEDICIN Socialmedicin Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden Folkhälsovetenskap; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Immunology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Immunologi; MEDICINE Dermatology and venerology; clinical genetics; internal medicine Internal medicine Diabetology; MEDICIN Dermatologi och venerologi; klinisk genetik; invärtesmedicin Invärtesmedicin Diabetologi; MEDICINE Dermatology and venerology; clinical genetics; internal medicine Internal medicine Cardiology; MEDICIN Dermatologi och venerologi; klinisk genetik; invärtesmedicin Invärtesmedicin Kardiologi; Medical Science; Medicinsk vetenskap;

    Abstract : Dietary fat quality influences the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A low-grade inflammation is suggested to contribute to the disease development, often accompanied by obesity. Whereas n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been considered anti-inflammatory, n-6 PUFA have been proposed to act pro-inflammatory. READ MORE

  3. 3. Sustainable nutrition: Opportunities, risks and uncertainties from environmental and health perspectives

    University dissertation from Lund University (Media-Tryck)

    Author : Elinor Hallström; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2015]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; disease; health; nutrition; land use; climate impact; Diet;

    Abstract : Food production and consumption are key drivers of environmental pressures and are essential factors in the promotion and maintenance of health. Production of food occupies more than one third of global land areas and is estimated to be responsible for some 30% of global greenhouse gas emissions. READ MORE

  4. 4. Interaction between dietary factors and genetic risk for lipoprotein traits and cardiovascular disease

    University dissertation from Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Author : Sophie Hellstrand; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2015]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Diet; polyunsaturated fatty acids; diet quality index; fatty acid desaturase; blood lipids; lipoproteins; polymorphisms; genetic risk score; gene-diet interaction; cohort; epidemiology; cardiovascular disease;

    Abstract : In previous studies, a high quality diet has been associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to a low diet quality, and specific “healthy” diet components, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), have been hypothesized to reduce the risk of CVD. However, results from epidemiological studies have been conflicting. READ MORE

  5. 5. Genetic Variations in Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease: A Focus on Gene-Lifestyle Interactions and Mendelian Randomization

    University dissertation from Diabetes and cardiovascular disease - genetic epidemiology

    Author : George Hindy; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2015]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular disease; coronary heart disease; metabolic syndrome; genetics; gene-lifestyle interactions; diet; TCF7L2; WNT signaling; chromosome 9p21; Mendelian randomization;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are highly prevalent complex diseases that result from lifestyle and genetic factors. Gene-lifestyle interactions are also believed to contribute to the etiology of these diseases. READ MORE