Search for dissertations about: "dilution"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 258 swedish dissertations containing the word dilution.

  1. 1. Volatility and number measurement of diesel engine exhaust particles

    Author : Hanna Bernemyr; Hans-Erik Ångström; Nigel Clark; KTH; []
    Keywords : particle emissions; measuring methods; particle number measurements; dilution; rotating disc diluter; v-TDMA; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Today, emission legislations for engine exhaust particles are mass based. The engines of today are low-emitting with respect to particle mass, with the emissions approaching the detection limit of the current measurement method. This calls for new and improved measurement methods. READ MORE

  2. 2. Dispersion and Transformation of Traffic Exhaust Particles in the Urban Atmosphere

    Author : Matthias Ketzel; Kärnfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; condensation; deposition; dilution; particle size distribution; plume model; street canyon; traffic pollution; urban environment; turbulence; aerosol dynamics modelling; coagulation; Physics; Fysik; Fysicumarkivet A:2004:Ketzel;

    Abstract : Ultrafine particles, their sources and fate in the atmosphere are currently key issues in atmospheric research owing to concern about their effects on human health and global climate. Traffic emissions are a dominating source of ultrafine particles, especially in urban areas. READ MORE

  3. 3. Mitigating Knock in Heavy Duty Spark Ignition Engines : Experiments and simulations of diluted ethanol and methanol combustion

    Author : Senthil Krishnan Mahendar; Anders Christiansen Erlandsson; Christer Spiegelberg; James Szybist; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Ethanol; Methanol; Dilution; Spark Ignition; Miller Timing; Machine Design; Maskinkonstruktion;

    Abstract : To effectively reduce fossil fuel dependence in the transport sector, an unprecedented increase in renewable fuel production is required. Short chain alcohols, such as ethanol and methanol, are well placed as they can be produced in a variety of renewable pathways from most carbon sources. READ MORE

  4. 4. Fuel Cells and Biogas

    Author : Lars Hedström; Per Alvfors; Peter Lund; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; air bleed; biogas; carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; current distribution; dilution; efficiency; energy conversion; energy systems; experimental; fuel cell; fuel cell systems; PEFC; poisoning; reformate; SOFC; Chemical energy engineering; Kemisk energiteknik;

    Abstract : This thesis concerns biogas-operated fuel cells. Fuel cell technology may contribute to more efficient energy use, reduce emissions and also perhaps revolutionize current energy systems. The technology is, however, still immature and has not yet been implemented as dominant in any application or niche market. READ MORE

  5. 5. Instrumental and methodological developments for isotope dilution analysis of gaseous mercury species

    Author : Tom Larsson; Erik Björn; Holger Hintelmann; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mercury; gas; species; speciation analysis; isotope dilution analysis; permeation tubes; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi;

    Abstract : This thesis deals with instrumental and methodological developments for speciation analysis of gaseous mercury (Hg(g)), based on isotope dilution analysis (IDA). The studied species include Hg0, (CH3)2Hg, CH3HgX and HgX2 (where X symbolises a negatively charged counter ion in the form of a halide or hydroxyl ion). READ MORE