Search for dissertations about: "external irradiation"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 32 swedish dissertations containing the words external irradiation.

  1. 1. Irradiation of members of the general public from radioactive caesium following the Chernobyl reactor accident. Field studies in a highly contaminated area in the Bryansk region, Russia

    Author : Charlotte Thornberg; Malmö Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; medicinsk instrumentering; tomografi; radiologi; Klinisk fysiologi; body burden; Effective dose; Cs-137; urinary excretion; Cs-134; biological half-time; Chernobyl; breast milk; Medicine human and vertebrates ; internal irradiation; external irradiation; TLD; Clinical physics; radiology; medical instrumentation; tomography; Medicin människa och djur ; Physics; Fysik;

    Abstract : From 1990 to 1998, estimations of the effective dose from external as well as internal irradiation from 137Cs and 134Cs were carried out for inhabitants in rural villages in the Bryansk region, Russia, highly contaminated due to the Chernobyl accident in 1986. The villages were situated about 180 km from the Chernobyl power plant and the deposition of 137Cs was in the range 0. READ MORE

  2. 2. Predicting Normal Tissue Complications after External Beam Radiation Therapy

    Author : Caroline Olsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NTCP; fractionation effects; radiobiological modelling; pubic bone pain;

    Abstract : Although modern external beam radiation (EBRT) therapy has the ability to conform the dose tightly around the volume to be treated, unwanted irradiation to surrounding normal tissue is still a problem. The probability of a side effect arising in normal tissue after EBRT is commonly modelled by an s-shaped dose-volume response curve where dose or volume are plotted against response (i. READ MORE

  3. 3. Patient Outcomes after Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer. Impact of Absorbed Dose and Treated Volume

    Author : Elisabeth Rasmusson; LUCC - Lunds universitets cancercentrum; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prostate cancer diagnosis; radiotherapy; brachytherapy; external beam; Dose- response; side effects; erectile dysfunction; lymphedema; hip osteoarthritis; Fractionation;

    Abstract : Abstract Backgound Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men in Sweden. Radiotherapy, including external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and brachytherapy (BT), is important treatment alternatives to surgery and active surveillance. READ MORE

  4. 4. Multifunctional Transition-metal Diboride Coatings Synthesized by Magnetron sputtering with Synchronized Metal-ion Irradiation

    Author : Babak Bakhit; Grzegorz Greczynski; Johanna Rosén; Paul Mayrhofer; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Abstract : Refractory transition-metal diborides (TMB2), classified as ultra-high temperature ceramics, are promising materials for extreme thermal and chemical environments. There is a growing demand for employing TMB2 in high-temperature electrodes, advanced nuclear fission reactors, molten metal containment, refractory crucibles, thermocouple protection tubes in steel baths and aluminum reduction cells, reinforcement fibers, solar power, aerospace, and armor applications. READ MORE

  5. 5. Long-term outcome research on PDR brachytherapy with focus on breast, base of tongue and lip cancer

    Author : Bengt Johansson; Jan Persliden; Jan Nyman; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; PDR; brachytherapy; outcome; partial breast irradiation; base of tongue cancer; lip cancer; quality of life; dosimetry.; Oncology; Onkologi; Surgery; Kirurgi; Onkologi; Oncology; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Brachytherapy (BT) with continuous low dose rate (LDR) has been used for 100 years and is considered as the radiotherapy method able to deliver a dose in the shortest time with high efficacy and low risk of side effects. The drawbacks are need for patient isolation and radiation exposure of the staff during the treatment. READ MORE