Search for dissertations about: "extracellular"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1314 swedish dissertations containing the word extracellular.

  1. 1. The release of histone proteins from cells via extracellular vesicles

    Author : Uma Muthukrishnan; Jonathan Gilthorpe; Miles Trupp; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Histone; extracellular vesicles; exosomes; extracellular histones extracellular DNA; cellular stress; proteomics; ESCRT complex; Lrrn1; mid-hindbrain organizer; ovarian cancer; ascites;

    Abstract : Histones are chromatin-associated proteins localized to the nucleus. However, extracellular histones are present in biofluids from healthy individuals and become elevated under disease conditions, such as neurodegeneration and cancer. READ MORE

  2. 2. Pancreatic extracellular communication. Applications to beta cell cultures and islet amyloid polypeptide aggregation

    Author : Diana Ribeiro; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; in vitro pancreatic models; induced pluripotent stem cells; stem cell differentiation; insulin; 3D-culture; extracellular vesicles; glucose-stimulated insulin secretion; islet amyloid polypeptide; type 2 diabetes mellitus; extracellular matrix; adipose-derived stem cells; Diabetes mellitus; protein aggregation;

    Abstract : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease with epidemic proportions due to increased incidences worldwide, persistence of undiagnosed cases, uncontrolled forms of the disease, association with cardiovascular complications, and lack of definitive treatment options. In particular, type 2 DM (T2DM) is placing an enormous financial burden on worldwide healthcare systems that will increase in the futureThere is a need to develop physiological assay platforms that provide functionally relevant models of diabetes in order to accelerate the discovery of new treatments. READ MORE

  3. 3. Extracellular Matrix Based Materials for Tissue Engineering

    Author : Cecilia Aulin; Jöns Hilborn; Tim Bowden; Laura Creemers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Extracellular matrix; collagen synthesis; bioreactor; cell culture; bone morphogenetic protein-2; noggin; hyaluronan; cartilage; Medical technology; Medicinsk teknik; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi; Transplantation surgery; Transplantationskirurgi; Biomaterials; Biomaterial; Morphology; cell biology; pathology; Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Polymer chemistry; Polymerkemi; Materials chemistry; Materialkemi; cellforskning; Cell Research; materialvetenskap; Materials Science; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; ortopedi; Orthopaedics;

    Abstract : The extracellular matrix is (ECM) is a network of large, structural proteins and polysaccharides, important for cellular behavior, tissue development and maintenance. Present thesis describes work exploring ECM as scaffolds for tissue engineering by manipulating cells cultured in vitro or by influencing ECM expression in vivo. READ MORE

  4. 4. Isolation Strategies and Proteomic Characterization of Extracellular Vesicles

    Author : Aleksander Cvjetkovic; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Extracellular vesicles; Exosomes; Colorectal cancer; Proteomics;

    Abstract : “Extracellular vesicles” is the collective term used to describe vesicular entities that are released from cells into the extracellular environment. These vesicles are composed of a delineating lipid membrane and its cargo which can comprise of bioactive molecules such as lipids, RNA, DNA and proteins which can be shuttled between cells and thus function as a means of cell-to-cell communication. READ MORE

  5. 5. About hyaluronan in the hypertrophic heart : studies on coordinated regulation of extracellular matrix signalling

    Author : Urban Hellman; Anders Waldenström; Stellan Mörner; Anna Engström-Laurent; Lena Jonasson; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : hyaluronan; hyaluronan synthases; gene expression; extracellular matrix; cardiac hypertrophy; rat wistar; male ; cardiomyocytes; growth factors; fibroblasts; microvesicles; exosomes; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Medicine; medicin;

    Abstract : Background. Myocardial hypertrophy is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Independent of underlying disease, the cardiac muscle strives in different ways to compensate for an increased workload. This remodelling of the heart includes changes in the extracellular matrix which will affect systolic and diastolic cardiac function. READ MORE