Search for dissertations about: "fallout 137Cs"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 13 swedish dissertations containing the words fallout 137Cs.

  1. 1. Studies on the Gamma Radiation Environment in Sweden with Special Reference to 137Cs

    Author : Sara Almgren; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; gamma radiation; caesium; 137Cs; deposition; migration; precipitation; in situ; CDE; NWF; Chernobyl; soil sampling; field measurements; dose measurements; dose rate; TLD; natural radiation; Kriging;

    Abstract : Gamma radiation in the environment today mainly originates from naturally occurring radionuclides, but anthropogenic radionuclides, such as 137Cs, contribute in some areas. In order to assess population exposure in case of fallout from nuclear weapons (NWF) or accidents, knowledge and monitoring of external gamma radiation and radionuclide concentrations in the environment is important. READ MORE

  2. 2. Improving accuracy of in situ gamma-ray spectrometry

    Author : Jonas Boson; Christer Samuelsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; gamma-ray spectrometry; in situ measurement; HPGe detector; 137Cs; Monte Carlo; efficiency calibration; measurement uncertainty; Radiological physics; Radiofysik;

    Abstract : Gamma-ray spectrometry measurements performed on site, or “in situ”, is a widely used and powerful method that can be employed both to identify and quantify ground deposited radionuclides. The purpose of this thesis is to improve the calibration of high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors for in situ measurements, and calculate the combined uncertainty and potential systematic effects. READ MORE

  3. 3. Studies of Long-lived Radionuclides in the Environment - with Emphasis on 99Tc, 237Np and Pu Isotopes

    Author : Patric Lindahl; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nuclear medicine; radiobiology; Nukleärmedicin; radiobiologi; atomic ratio; environmental samples; nuclear weapons fallout; Chernobyl fallout; bioindicators; activated carbon; Sellafield; plutonium; neptunium; ICP-MS; technetium;

    Abstract : Studies of the long-lived anthropogenic radionuclides 99Tc, 237Np, 239Pu and 240Pu were performed in marine and terrestrial areas contaminated by different accidental and controlled releases of radioactive materials. The three main sources discussed in this thesis are nuclear weapons tests, nuclear reprocessing plants and the Chernobyl accident. READ MORE

  4. 4. Radiation exposure of human populations in villages in Russia and Belarus affected by fallout from the Chernobyl reactor

    Author : Christian Bernhardsson; Malmö Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Chernobyl; caesium; effective dose; OSL; NaCl; TL; LiF; radiation protection survey instruments; deposition variability; long-term series;

    Abstract : A quarter of a century has elapsed since the catastrophe at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl. The radioactive fallout affected all the European countries and most severely the three countries of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. READ MORE

  5. 5. Risk from radionuclides: a frog's perspective : Accumulation of 137Cs in a riparian wetland, radiation doses, and effects on frogs and toads after low-dose rate exposure

    Author : Karolina Stark; Nils Kautsky; Petra Wallberg; Torbjörn Nylén; Michael Gilek; Dennis Woodhead; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; dose model; mass balance budget; overbank sedimentation; amphibian; phantom; thermoluminescence chip; radiosensitivity; DNA damage; Biology; Biologi;

    Abstract : Threats from man-made radionuclides include waste issues, increasing number of power plants, underground bomb testing, nuclear weapons, and “dirty bombs”. Until recently the ionizing radiation protection system focused on protecting humans with an implied protection of biota. READ MORE