Search for dissertations about: "fitness cost"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 83 swedish dissertations containing the words fitness cost.

  1. 1. Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobial Peptides : Rates, Mechanisms and Fitness Effects

    Author : Maria Pränting; Dan Andersson; Ian Chopra; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : antimicrobial peptides; antibiotic resistance; fitness cost; bacterial evolution; small colony variants; cyclotides; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : The rapid emergence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics has necessitated the development of alternative treatment strategies. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important immune system components that kill microbes rapidly and have broad activity-spectra, making them promising leads for new pharmaceuticals. READ MORE

  2. 2. Multi-Resistance Plasmids : Fitness Costs, Dynamics and Evolution

    Author : Fredrika Rajer; Linus Sandegren; Pål Jarle Johnsen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; multi-resistance plasmids; evolution; fitness cost; dynamics; escherichia coli; ESBL; gene amplification; β-lactamase inhibitor; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology;

    Abstract : Antibiotic resistance is an escalating problem, not only due to less desirable treatment options and outcome, but also due to the economic burden to health care caused by resistant pathogens. Since the process of developing new antibiotics is slow, we need to carefully consider the usage of the antibiotics still available. READ MORE

  3. 3. The Physiological Cost of Antibiotic Resistance

    Author : Mirjana Macvanin; Diarmaid Hughes; Stanley Maloy; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Microbiology; fusidic acid; fitness cost; protein synthesis; EF-G; ppGpp; RpoS; oxidative stress; heme; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases; Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar;

    Abstract : Becoming antibiotic resistant is often associated with fitness costs for the resistant bacteria. This is seen as a loss of competitiveness against the antibiotic-sensitive wild-type in an antibiotic-free environment. READ MORE

  4. 4. Moving thresholds : body narratives within the vicinity of gym and fitness culture

    Author : Greta Bladh; Jesper Andreasson; Linda Sandberg; Åsa Bäckström; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; gender; gym and fitness; thresholds; body narrative; vulnerable inclusiveness; genusvetenskap; gender studies; Sociology; sociologi;

    Abstract : This thesis investigates thresholds that impede bodies from moving to, and within, gym and fitness sites. Thresholds are here understood as gendered social constructs and norms, which direct bodies in certain ways, and thus circumscribing potential movements and capabilities. READ MORE

  5. 5. Experimental Evolution : and Fitness Effects of Mutations

    Author : Anna Knöppel; Dan I Andersson; Stanley Maloy; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Experimental evolution; Fitness effects; mutations; S20; fis; ribosome; horizontal gene transfer; adaptation; synonymous mutations; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : Bacteria have small, streamlined genomes and evolve rapidly. Their large population sizes allow selection to be the main driver of evolution. With advances in sequencing technologies and precise methods for genetic engineering, many bacteria are excellent models for studying elementary questions in evolutionary biology. READ MORE