Search for dissertations about: "fluid percussion injury"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words fluid percussion injury.

  1. 1. Delayed Cell Death after Traumatic Brain Injury : Role of Reactive Oxygen Species

    Author : Fredrik Clausen; Lars Hillered; Tiit Mathiesen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurosciences; Traumatic Brain Injury; Reactive oxygen species; Fluid percussion injury; Controlled cortical impact; weight drop injury; Extracellular-signal regulated kinase; apoptosis; free radical scavenging; morphology; functional outcome; Neurovetenskap; Neurology; Neurologi;

    Abstract : Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability TBI survivors often suffer from severe disturbances of cognition, memory and emotions. Improving the treatment is of great importance, but as of yet no specific neuroprotective treatment has been found. READ MORE

  2. 2. Oligodendrocyte pathology following Traumatic Brain Injury : Experimental and clinical studies

    Author : Johanna Flygt; Niklas Marklund; Fredrik Piehl; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Traumatic brain injury; oligodendrocytes; oligodendrocyte progenitor cells; interleukin 1-β; central fluid percussion injury; Neurokirurgi; Neurosurgery; Neurokirurgi; Neurosurgery;

    Abstract : Traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by traffic and fall accidents, sports-related injuries and violence commonly results in life-changing disabilities. Cognitive impairments following TBI may be due to disruption of axons, stretched by the acceleration/deceleration forces of the initial impact, and their surrounding myelin in neuronal networks. READ MORE

  3. 3. The role of reactive oxygen species in traumatic brain injury : Experimental studies in the rat

    Author : Niklas Marklund; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Medical sciences; Apoptosis; CBF; controlled cortical contusion injury; 3; 4-dihydroxybenzoate; fluid percussion injury; glucose; 4-hydroxybenzoate; microdialysis; Morris Water Maze; neuroprotection; nitrones; PBN; rat; reactive oxygen species ROS ; salicylate; S-PBN; TBI; MEDICIN OCH VÅRD; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Neurosurgery; neurokirurgi;

    Abstract : Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality and disability. As common sequelae in survivors of TBI are disabling functional, emotional and cognitive disturbances, improved treatment of TBI patients is urgently needed. At present, no neuroprotective pharmacological treatment exists. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Role of Cyclooxygenase-2 in Models of Epilepsy and Traumatic Brain Injury : Effects of Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors

    Author : Tina Kunz; Tadeusz Wieloch; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biosciences; Controlled cortical contusion injury; fluid percussion injury; limbic seizures; nuclear factor-kappa B; prostaglandin metabolism; TUNEL staining; Farmaceutisk biovetenskap; Biopharmacy; Biofarmaci; farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Abstract : Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) catalyses prostaglandin synthesis from arachidonic acid during inflammation. COX-2 is expressed in the normal brain and is induced in neurological disorders. There is evidence that COX-2 is involved in secondary events leading to cell death in the brain. READ MORE

  5. 5. Cellular Reactions and Behavioral Changes in Focal and Diffuse Traumatic Brain Injury : A Study in the Rat and Mouse

    Author : Sara Ekmark Lewén; Lars Hillered; Niklas Marklund; Anders Lewén; Mårten Risling; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Traumatic brain injury; Astrocytes; Inflammatory response; Multivariate concentric square field test; Morris water maze; Exploratory behavior; Risk taking; Functional outcome.; Neurosurgery; Neurokirurgi;

    Abstract : Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a severe condition and a major cause of death and disability. There is no pharmacological treatment available in clinical practice today and knowledge of brain injury mechanisms is of importance for development of neuroprotective drugs. READ MORE