Search for dissertations about: "fractional quantum Hall effect"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 9 swedish dissertations containing the words fractional quantum Hall effect.

  1. 1. Quasiparticles in the Quantum Hall Effect

    Author : Janik Kailasvuori; Thors Hans Hansson; Jan Myrheim; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum Hall effect; quasiparticles; noncommutative Chern-Simons theory; nonabelian statistics; thin torus; p-wave superconductivity; topology; index theory; effective gauge fields; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik;

    Abstract : The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE), discovered in 1982 in a two-dimensional electron system, has generated a wealth of successful theory and new concepts in condensed matter physics, but is still not fully understood. The possibility of having nonabelian quasiparticle statistics has recently attracted attention on purely theoretical grounds but also because of its potential applications in topologically protected quantum computing. READ MORE

  2. 2. Abelian and non-abelian quantum Hall hierarchies

    Author : Yoran Tournois; Maria Hermanns; Kareljan Schoutens; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fractional quantum hall effect; conformal field theory; Ginzburg-Landau-Chern-Simons; Chern-Simons; wave functions; anyons; fractional statistics; braiding; composite bosons; teoretisk fysik; Theoretical Physics;

    Abstract : A core tenet of condensed matter physics has been that different phases of matter can be classified according to Landau's symmetry breaking paradigm. It has become clear, however, that phases of matter exist that are not distinguished by symmetry, but rather by topology. READ MORE

  3. 3. Quantum Hall Wave Functions on the Torus

    Author : Mikael Fremling; Hans Hansson; Nicolas Regnault; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Fractional Quantum Hall Effect; teoretisk fysik; Theoretical Physics;

    Abstract : The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE), now entering it's fourth decade, continues to draw attention from the condensed matter community. New experiments in recent years are raising hopes that it will be possible to observe quasi-particles with non-abelian anyonic statistics. These particles could form the building blocks of a quantum computer. READ MORE

  4. 4. One-dimensional theory of the quantum Hall system

    Author : Emil Johansson Bergholtz; Anders Karlhede; Nicholas Read; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fractional quantum Hall effect; thin torus; spin chains; conformal field theory; strong correlations; non-abelian states; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Abstract : The quantum Hall (QH) system---cold electrons in two dimensions in a perpendicular magnetic field---is a striking example of a system where unexpected phenomena emerge at low energies. The low-energy physics of this system is effectively one-dimensional due to the magnetic field. READ MORE

  5. 5. Quasielectrons in Abelian and non-Abelian Quantum Hall States

    Author : Maria Hermanns; Thors Hans Hansson; Steven Simon; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum Hall effect; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; teoretisk fysik; Theoretical Physics;

    Abstract : Strongly correlated electron systems continue to  attract a lot of interest. Especially two-dimensional electron systems have shown many surprising behaviours. A fascinating example is the quantum Hall effect, which arises when electrons are confined to two dimensions, subjected to a very large magnetic field, and cooled to very low temperatures. READ MORE