Search for dissertations about: "free volume"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 257 swedish dissertations containing the words free volume.

  1. 1. Free Volume and Mesopores in Polymer Nanocomposites

    Author : Petra Winberg; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Chemical technology and engineering; Kompositmaterial; Composite materials; Macromolecular chemistry; permeability ; membrane ; positron annihilation ; fumed silica ; clay ; mesopores ; polymer nanocomposites ; free volume ; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi; Makromolekylär kemi;

    Abstract : The free volume in polymers is coupled to several important physical properties, such as density, viscosity and gas diffusivity. The physical properties of polymers close to a solid surface have been shown to be significantly perturbed as compared to their bulk state. READ MORE

  2. 2. Water diffusion and free volume in hydrophilic polymers

    Author : Charlotte Trotzig; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physical chemistry; free volume; self-diffusion; degree of crystallinity; glass transition temperature; tensile storage modulus; surface tension; isotherm; HPMC; PEO; water; triacetin; clay; Macromolecular chemistry; dynamic mechanical analysis; Fysikalisk kemi; differential scanning calorimetry; nuclear magnetic resonance; positron annihilation; Makromolekylär kemi;

    Abstract : During moisture uptake in polymers, the diffusion of the water molecules is believed to occur via unoccupied voids. These voids are called free volume cavities and their sizes are continuously altered when the moisture content in the polymer is enhanced. READ MORE

  3. 3. Free Volume Depth Profiling at Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces

    Author : John Algers; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biopolymers; Polymerteknik; Polymer technology; polymer interfaces; polymer surfaces; positron lifetime; free volume;

    Abstract : Pulsed low energy positron beams provide a unique and non-destructive tool to depth probe the free volume of polymers at surfaces and interfaces. Since the employment of low energy positron beams in polymer research is an emerging technique, some focus in this thesis has been on extracting methods and equations needed to interpret the experimental data. READ MORE

  4. 4. Theoretical modeling of molar volume and thermal expansion

    Author : Xiao-Gang Lu; Bo Sunsman; Michel Jacobs; Malin Selleby; Bo Sundman; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Materials science; first-principles calculations; ab initio; Calphad; Debye-Grüneisen model; thermodynamic properties; elastic modulus; volume; thermal expansivity; pressure; Thermo-Calc; VASP; element; carbide; nitride; Materialvetenskap; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap; molar volume; thermal expansion; ab initio calculations; Debye-Gruneisen model; calphad;

    Abstract : Combination of the Calphad method and theoretical calculations provides new possibilities for the study of materials science. This work is a part of the efforts within the CCT project (Centre of Computational Thermodynamics) to combine these methods to facilitate modeling and to extend the thermodynamic databases with critically assessed volume data. READ MORE

  5. 5. Foam, Fire and Free Volume - Chemical and Physical Aspects of Porous Polymers

    Author : Anna Andersson; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Poisson ratio; vibration damping; acoustic impedance; cell morphology; hyperbranched polymer; Polymer foams; free volume; positron annihilation; supercritical fluid.;

    Abstract : Automotive seating has been under continous development since it was described for the first time in 1885. At that time one could read about a “padded leather bench seat sitting on springs mounted directly to the frame of a horse-less carriage”. READ MORE