Search for dissertations about: "fysiologi"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1026 swedish dissertations containing the word fysiologi.

  1. 1. Tactile Sensory Control of Dexterous Manipulation in Humans

    Author : Ingvars Birznieks; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Physiology; cutaneous sensibility; tactile afferents; fingertip force; grasp stability; human hand; manipulation; object shape; precision grip; sensorimotor control; coding; Fysiologi; Physiology; Fysiologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Abstract : During dexterous manipulation with the fingertips, forces are applied to objects' surfaces. To achieve grasp stability, these forces must be appropriate given the properties of the objects and the skin of the fingertips, and the nature of the task. READ MORE

  2. 2. Neurotransmission and functional synaptic plasticity in the rat medial preoptic nucleus

    Author : Evgenya Malinina; Staffan Johansson; Eric Hanse; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; medial preoptic nucleus; synaptic plasticity; GABA; glutamate; L-type Ca2 channel; Physiology; Fysiologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Abstract : Brain function implies complex information processing in neuronal circuits, critically dependent on the molecular machinery that enables signal transmission across synaptic contacts between neurons. The types of ion channels and receptors in the neuronal membranes vary with neuron types and brain regions and determine whether neuronal responses will be excitatory or inhibitory and often allow for functional synaptic plasticity which is thought to be the basis for much of the adaptability of the nervous system and for our ability to learn and store memories. READ MORE

  3. 3. To select one hand while using both : neural mechanisms supporting flexible hand dominance in bimanual object manipulation

    Author : Anna Theorin; Roland Johansson; Fredrik Ullén; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; object manipulation; bimanual coordination; action selection; cerebral cortex; functional laterality; humans; hand; magnetic resonance imaging; transcranial magnetic stimulation; electromyography; Physiology; Fysiologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Abstract : In daily activities, the brain regularly assigns different roles to the hands dependingon task and context. Yet, little is known about the underlying neural processes. Thiscertainly applies to how the brain, where each hemisphere primarily controls onehand, manages the between-hand coordination required in bimanual objectmanipulation. READ MORE

  4. 4. Optimizing and evaluation of a methacholine provocation test : with application in occupational research

    Author : Britt-Marie Sundblad; Bengt-Eric Skoogh; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Physiology; Airway responsiveness; methacholine provocation; nitric oxide; eucapnic hyperventilation; organic dust; Fysiologi; Physiology; Fysiologi; Physiology; fysiologi;

    Abstract : We have developed a methacholine provocation method, which detects bronchial responsiveness in more than 80% of healthy subjects. The method enables us to detect differences in bronchial responsiveness within the normal range. With this method FEV1 and Gaw had similar sensitivity in detecting small differences in bronchial responsiveness. READ MORE

  5. 5. Neural circuits engaged in mastication and orofacial nociception

    Author : Tuija Athanassiadis; K-G Westberg; Sten Grillner; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; rhythmical jaw movements; central pattern generator; trigeminal system; rabbit; Rat; c-Fos; nociceptors; muscle pain; muscle spindle afferents; glutamate; Neurophysiology; Neurofysiologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Abstract : A deeper understanding of both movement control and the effects of nociceptor inputs on our motor systems is critical for proper clinical diagnosis of musculo-skeletal dysfunctions and for development of novel rehabilitation schemes. In the jaw system, masticatory movements are produced by a central pattern generator (CPG) located in the brainstem. READ MORE