Search for dissertations about: "gas explosion"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 23 swedish dissertations containing the words gas explosion.

  1. 1. Lithium-ion Battery Safety - Assessment by Abuse Testing, Fluoride Gas Emissions and Fire Propagation

    Author : Carl Fredrik Larsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; fire; thermal runaway; gas emission; gas explosion; propagation; safety; abuse testing; Lithium-ion; cell case explosion; hydrogen fluoride;

    Abstract : Lithium-ion batteries offer high energy and power densities as well as long life time but have a more narrow stability window compared to other battery types and contain reactive and flammable materials. In case of overheating the battery cell can release gas (vent) and, at temperatures of about 150-200 °C, a so called thermal runaway can occur, that is a rapid self-heated temperature increase which is typically accompanied with a large release of smoke and gas, fire and a potential cell case explosion or gas explosion. READ MORE

  2. 2. An Experimental Study on the Dynamics of a Single Droplet Vapor Explosion

    Author : Roberta Concilio Hansson; Weimin Ma; Geroges Berthoud; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; steam explosions; radiography; melt preconditioning; noncondensable gas; Low energy physics; Lågenergifysik;

    Abstract : The present study aims to develop a mechanistic understanding of the thermal-hydraulic processes in a vapor explosion, which may occur in nuclear power plants during a hypothetical severe accident involving interactions of high-temperature corium melt and volatile coolant. Over the past several decades, a large body of literature has been accumulated on vapor explosion phenomenology and methods for assessment of the related risk. READ MORE

  3. 3. Off-gassing from thermally treated lignocellulosic biomass

    Author : Eleonora Borén; Markus Broström; Sylvia H. Larsson; Peter Björklund; Lorenz Gerber; Henrik Antti; Capucine Dupont; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Torrefaction; steam explosion; enclosed storage; CO; CO2; O2 depletion; VOCs; Tenax-TA; SPME; process settings; storage temperature; storage time;

    Abstract : Off-gassing of hazardous compounds is, together with self-heating and dust explosions, the main safety hazards within large-scale biomass storage and handling. Formation of CO, CO2, and VOCs with concurrent O2 depletion can occur to hazardous levels in enclosed stored forest products. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Circumstellar Environment of Type Ia Supernovae

    Author : Raphael Ferretti; Rahman Amanullah; Ariel Goobar; Josh Simon; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Type Ia supernovae; extinction; supernova cosmology; Physics; fysik;

    Abstract : Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) have proven to be extremely useful for measuring cosmological distances and were used for the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the universe. Although thousands of SNe Ia have been observed to date, many questions surrounding the physics of the explosions and the nature of their progenitor systems remain unanswered. READ MORE

  5. 5. Modelling and simulation of pressurised black liquor gasification at high temperature

    Author : Magnus Marklund; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Strömningslära; Fluid Mechanics;

    Abstract : Black liquor (BL), a by-product of the chemical pulping process, is an important liquid fuel in the pulp and paper industry. It contains almost all of the inorganic cooking chemicals along with the lignin and other organic matter separated from the wood during pulping in the digester. READ MORE