Search for dissertations about: "genome"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1482 swedish dissertations containing the word genome.

  1. 1. Modeling Genome Evolution : Creation, Change and Destruction

    Author : Mats Pettersson; Otto Berg; Paul Sniegowski; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Molecular biology; Theotretical biology; Population genetics; Stochastic modeling; Genome evolution; Molekylärbiologi;

    Abstract : Historically, evolution has been studied either by looking at morphological traits in living organisms and the fossil record, or by using bioinformatics and comparative genomics. While highly useful for deducing evolutionary history, these approaches are not particularly well suited for studying the mechanisms of evolution. READ MORE

  2. 2. Studies of Genome Diversity in Bartonella Populations : A journey through cats, mice, men and lice

    Author : Hillevi Lina Lindroos; Siv G. E. Andersson; Richard Birtles; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Biology; Bartonella; genome content; genome rearrangement; gene expression; phage; microarray; PFGE; MLST; Biologi;

    Abstract : Bacteria of the genus Bartonella inhabit the red blood cells of many mammals, including humans, and are transmitted by blood-sucking arthropod vectors. Different species of Bartonella are associated with different mammalian host species, to which they have adapted and normally do not cause any symptoms. READ MORE

  3. 3. Genome Evolution and Host Adaptation in Bartonella

    Author : Eva Caroline Berglund; Siv GE Andersson; Brendan Wren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Bartonella; genome evolution; genome diversity; phage; gene transfer agent; secretion system; microarray; Bioinformatics; Bioinformatik; Evolutionary Genetics; evolutionär genetik;

    Abstract : Bacteria of the genus Bartonella infect the red blood cells of a wide range of wild and domestic mammals and are transmitted between hosts by blood-sucking insects. Although most Bartonella infections are asymptomatic, the genus contains several human pathogens. READ MORE

  4. 4. Genome and Transcriptome Comparisons between Human and Chimpanzee

    Author : Anna Wetterbom; Ulf Gyllensten; Lucia Cavelier; Tomas Bergström; Evan Eichler; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; human; chimpanzee; genome; transcriptome; comparative studies; exon arrays; next-generation sequencing; premature termination codon; alternative splicing; primate evolution; Molecular medicine genetics and pathology ; Molekylär medicin genetik och patologi ; Bioinformatik; Bioinformatics;

    Abstract : The chimpanzee is humankind’s closest living relative and the two species diverged ~6 million years ago. Comparative studies of the human and chimpanzee genomes and transcriptomes are of great interest to understand the molecular mechanisms of speciation and the development of species-specific traits. READ MORE

  5. 5. Dynamics of the Bacterial Genome : Rates and Mechanisms of Mutation

    Author : Sanna Koskiniemi; Dan Andersson; Diarmaid Hughes; Ivan Matic; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bacteria; bacterial evolution; genome reduction; gene loss; serial passage; DNA homology; tranlesion DNA polymerase; stress; Microbiology; Mikrobiologi; Bacteriology; Bakteriologi; Evolutionary Genetics; Evolutionär genetik; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : Bacterial chromosomes are highly dynamic, continuously changing with respect to gene content and size via a number of processes, including deletions that result in gene loss. How deletions form and at what rates has been the focus of this thesis. In paper II we investigated how chromosomal location affects chromosomal deletion rates in S. READ MORE