Search for dissertations about: "glucose metabolism"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 479 swedish dissertations containing the words glucose metabolism.

  1. 1. Glucose and lipid metabolism in insulin resistance an experimental study in fat cells

    University dissertation from Umeå : Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin

    Author : Jonas Burén; Umeå universitet.; [2003]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Public health; adipocyte; insulin resistance; type 2 diabetes; insulin signalling; glucose uptake; insulin; glucose; dexamethasone; insulin receptor substrate; protein kinase B; GLUT4; lipoprotein lipase; Folkhälsomedicin; MEDICINE Social medicine Public health medicine research areas; MEDICIN Socialmedicin Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by a combination of pancreatic β-cell failure and insulin resistance in target tissues like liver, muscle and fat. Insulin resistance is characterised by an impaired effect of insulin to reduce hepatic glucose production and to promote glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. READ MORE

  2. 2. Metabolic Engineering of the Central Carbon Metabolism in Streptococcus thermophilus for Enhanced Exopolysaccharide Production

    University dissertation from Applied Microbiology (LTH)

    Author : Malin Svensson; [2005]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Food and drink technology; Livsmedelsteknik; Biotechnology; Bioteknik; Biokemisk teknik; Biochemical technology; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; metabolism; Biokemi; Metabolism; mykologi; Biochemistry; virologi; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virology; mycology; bacteriology; Streptococcus thermophilus; Microbiology; Metabolic engineering; Lactic acid bacteria; Exopolysaccharides; Central carbon metabolism;

    Abstract : The lactic acid bacterium, Streptococcus thermophilus, is used in the dairy industry in mixed cultures with Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus for the production of yoghurt. Many strains of S. thermophilus produce exopolysaccharides (EPSs) which affect the texture and viscosity of fermented food products. READ MORE

  3. 3. Chemical genetics discloses the importance of heme and glucose metabolism in Chlamydia trachomatis pathogenesis

    University dissertation from Umeå : Umeå Universitet

    Author : Patrik Engström; Umeå universitet.; Umeå universitet.; Umeå universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Chlamydiae; heme metabolism; glucose metabolism; glucose-6-phosphate; RB-to-EB transition; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Abstract : Chlamydiae are important human bacterial pathogens with an intracellular life cycle that consists of two distinct bacterial forms, an infectious form (EB) that infects the eukaryotic host cell, and a non-infectious form (RB) that allows intracellular proliferation. To be successful, chlamydiae need to alternate between EB and RB to generate infectious EB’s which are competent to infect new host cells. READ MORE

  4. 4. Perinatal Energy Substrate Metabolism Glucose Production and Lipolysis in Pregnant Women and Newborn Infants with Particular Reference to Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Barbro Diderholm; Uppsala universitet.; [2005]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pediatrics; Lipolysis; Glucose; Newborn infant; Pregnant women; IUGR; Insulin; Stable isotopes; Pediatrik; MEDICINE Dermatology and venerology; clinical genetics; internal medicine Internal medicine Paediatric medicine; MEDICIN Dermatologi och venerologi; klinisk genetik; invärtesmedicin Invärtesmedicin Pediatrisk medicin;

    Abstract : Glucose is the most important fetal nutrient and the production of this substrate increases in the pregnant woman. In the last trimester the increased insulin resistance directs energy substrates to the fetus. Fetal growth is sometimes disturbed, often without an obvious explanation. READ MORE

  5. 5. Apolipoprotein A-I in glucose metabolism and amyloidosis

    University dissertation from Lund University, Faculty of Medicine

    Author : Oktawia Nilsson; [2020]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Amyloidosis; Apolipoprotein A-I; beta cell; cardiovascular disease; cholesterol efflux; diabetes; glucose metabolism; glycation; high-density lipoprotein; insulin secretion;

    Abstract : The role of Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), the main protein component of HDL, in cholesterol transport and metabolism is well known and has been studied for more than four decades. More recently, ApoA-I protein has been shown to also have a positive role in glucose control by both stimulation of glucose uptake by muscles and by increasing glucose-stimulated pancreatic insulin secretion. READ MORE