Search for dissertations about: "health impacts"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 254 swedish dissertations containing the words health impacts.

  1. 1. Making visible the invisible : Health risks from environmental exposures among socially deprived populations of Nairobi, Kenya

    Author : Thaddaeus Wandera Egondi; Joacim Rocklöv; Nawi Ng; Remare Ettarh; Patrick Kinney; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; air pollution; urban health; temperature-related mortality; particulate matter; exposure assessment; child health; Epidemiology; epidemiologi; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : Background: Most countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are experiencing a high rate of ur­banization accompanied with unplanned development resulting into sprawl of slums. The weath­er patterns and air pollution sources in most urban areas are changing with significant effects on health. READ MORE

  2. 2. Essays on Social Capital, Health and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health A Health Economic Study

    Author : Kamrul Islam; Socialepidemiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; economic systems; economic theory; Economics; econometrics; Samhällsvetenskaper; Social sciences; epidemiologi; Folkhälsa; epidemiology; Public health; Sweden; Panel data fixed-effect model; Decomposition analysis; Concentration index; Socioeconomic health inequality; Population aging; Survival analysis; Extended Cox model; Multilevel analysis; Unbalanced panel data; Externalities; Crime rates; Election participation rates; Community social capital; Municipality-level social capital; Systematic review; Egalitarianism; Determinants of health; Mortality; Health-related quality of life; Health; Keywords; Social capital; economic policy; Nationalekonomi; ekonometri; ekonomisk teori; ekonomiska system; ekonomisk politik;

    Abstract : The thesis comprises four independent research papers and a summary that focus on two related dimensions. The first dimension focuses on the understanding of the production of health. Particularly, the question is asked whether community's stock of social capital influence individual's health. READ MORE

  3. 3. Air pollution and health – Indicators, trends and impacts

    Author : Henrik Olstrup; Christer Johansson; Christina Ruden; Bertil Forsberg; Alain Le Tertre; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; air pollution; health; measurements; trends; impacts; mortality; NOx; elemental carbon; AQHI; Applied Environmental Science; tillämpad miljövetenskap;

    Abstract : This thesis focuses on some of the limitations and difficulties that exist when it comes to quantifying the human health effects that arise as a result of air pollution exposure. The following four issues are particularly analysed and discussed: 1) The measurement techniques used for carbonaceous particles and their lack of consistency; 2) Do the health risks associated with exposure to PM10 depend on the content of elemental carbon in the aerosol?; 3) Trends in air pollutants and the health effects that arise as a result of changed exposure to the measured pollutants; 4) The associations between the measured concentrations of different air pollutants in Stockholm and the daily number deaths; 5) Air quality indicators and health outcomes as basis for an air quality health index (AQHI). READ MORE

  4. 4. The value of social investments : A health economic approach to evaluating parenting interventions

    Author : Camilla Nystrand; Inna Feldman; Filipa Sampaio; Anna Sarkadi; Eva-Maria Bonin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; health economics; cost-effectiveness; cost-benefit; public health; child health; mental health; parenting; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Abstract : Child mental health problems are current welfare challenges and may be costly to the individual, the family and society at large. The problems may persist and result in adverse outcomes later in life, which also carries a large financial burden. READ MORE

  5. 5. Impacts of Active Transport on Health : with a focus on physical activity, air pollution, and cardiovascular disease

    Author : Wasif Raza; Johan Nilsson Sommar; Bertil Forsberg; Benno Krachler; Otto Hänninen; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Health impact assessment; Air pollution; Active commuting; Exercise; Interaction. Cardiovascular diseases; Ischemic heart diseases; Stroke; Public health; folkhälsa; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Abstract : Background: There are increasing number of health impact assessment studies investigating the health effects by transferring trips made by motorised transport to active commuting; however, air pollution exposure during active commuting and its impact on health has been less thoroughly assessed. It is furthermore uncertain whether there is any interaction effect between air pollution and physical activity for the risk of cardiovascular diseases. READ MORE