Search for dissertations about: "hydrogen fuel cells"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 82 swedish dissertations containing the words hydrogen fuel cells.

  1. 1. Hydrogen Generation for Fuel Cells in Auxiliary Power Systems

    Author : Marita Nilsson; Lars J. Pettersson; Gunther Kolb; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; autothermal reforming; auxiliary power unit; diesel; dimethyl ether; fuel cell; fuel-flexible reformer; hydrogen; PdZn alloy; reforming catalyst; reformer design; Rh; Chemical engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Abstract : Heavy-duty trucks are in idle operation during long periods of time, providing the vehicles with electricity via the alternator at standstill. Idling trucks contribute to large amounts of emissions and high fuel consumption as a result of the low efficiency from fuel to electricity. READ MORE

  2. 2. Co-Evolution of Technology, Markets and Institutions - the Case of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Technology in Europe

    Author : Stian Nygaard; CIRCLE; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Innovation; fuel cells; market development; hydrogen; industrial dynamics; business development; innovation policy; Europe;

    Abstract : The birth, growth and maturity of industries, sectors and technologies have spurred the curiosity of researchers as well as managers and policy makers for a long time. Intriguingly, the emergence of a new industry is a complex process including many different actors and with a high level of uncertainty related to technology, institutions and markets facing the actors involved. READ MORE

  3. 3. Electrochemical Reactions in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

    Author : Maria Wesselmark; Svein Sunde; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Fuel cell; model electrodes; oxygen reduction; methanol oxidation; formic acid oxidation; hydrogen oxidation; CO oxidation; degradation; tungsten oxide; carbon support; Bränslecell; modellelektroder; syrgasreduktion; metanoloxidation; myrsyraoxidation; vätgasoxidation; CO oxidation; degradering; wolfram oxid; kolsupport; Chemical engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Abstract : The polymer electrolyte fuel cell converts the chemical energy in a fuel, e.g. hydrogen or methanol, and oxygen into electrical energy. The high efficiency and the possibility to use fuel from renewable sources make them attractive as energy converters in future sustainable energy systems. READ MORE

  4. 4. Development of Methanol-Reforming Catalysts for Fuel Cell Vehicles

    Author : Johan Agrell; KTH; []
    Keywords : PEM fuel cells; hydrogen; methanol; reforming; oxidation; reaction pathways; carbon monoxide;

    Abstract : Vehicles powered by proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuelcells are approaching commercialisation. Being inherently cleanand efficient sources of power, fuel cells constitute asustainable alternative to internal combustion engines to meetfuture low-emission legislation. READ MORE

  5. 5. Point defects and ion conduction in solid oxides: a first-principles case study of La2Zr2O7

    Author : Joakim Nyman; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; proton; self compensation; hydrogen economy; DFT; La2Zr2O7; acceptor doping; lanthanum zirconate; oxygen vacancy; SOFC; pyrochlore; point defect; trapping; computational methods; solid oxide; charge compensation; first principles; ion conduction; solid oxide fuel cell; ceramic electrolyte; defect cluster; fuel cell; hydrogen;

    Abstract : In the endeavor to attain a clean environment and sustainable energy consumption, the notion of a future hydrogen economy stands out as one of the grandest visions. Striving for this vision, a critical task lies in optimizing the performance of the fuel-cell devices responsible for extracting electric power from the energy stored in hydrogen molecules. READ MORE