Search for dissertations about: "hypocaloric nutrition"

Found 4 swedish dissertations containing the words hypocaloric nutrition.

  1. 1. Perioperative nutrition and insulin resistance

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences

    Author : Monika Svanfeldt; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2006]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Insulin sensitivity; insulin resistance; hyperinsulinaemic normoglycaemic clamps; wholebody glucose kinetics; whole-body protein kinetics; indirect calorimetry; surgery; carbohydrate loading; hypocaloric nutrition; bed rest and TPN;

    Abstract : Surgical trauma induces a catabolic response with development of insulin resistance as a central and wellcharacterised feature. In insulin resistance, the stimulating effect of insulin on peripheral glucose uptake and the suppressing effect of insulin on endogenous glucose release are decreased, resulting in hyperglycaemia. READ MORE

  2. 2. Nutrition in acute pancreatitis - influence on gut barrier and inflammatory response

    University dissertation from The Department of Surgery, Lund University

    Author : Gunilla Eckerwall; [2007]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; Medicin människa och djur ; intestinal permeability; nasogastric; acute inflammation; dietary fiber; Medicine human and vertebrates ; immediate oral feeding; fluid resuscitation; Acute pancreatitis; enteral nutrition; traumatologi;

    Abstract : Acute pancreatitis (AP) is associated with metabolic changes, acute inflammatory response and increased gut permeability. In AP, traditional treatment has been initial fasting on purpose to avoid activation of proteolytic enzymes and pancreatic enzyme secretion. READ MORE

  3. 3. Effects of perioperative nutrition on insulin action in postoperative metabolism

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Center for Surgical Sciences CFSS

    Author : Mattias Soop; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2003]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; glucose clamping technique; insulin resistance; glucose metabolism; protein metabolism; recovery;

    Abstract : Surgical operations are a fundamental part of contemporary treatment of disease. For example, 43 % of in-patients in Sweden undergo a surgical operation. Surgery is not yet without significant risks. Infectious complication rates following abdominal surgery, for instance, remain at 9-25 %. READ MORE

  4. 4. The sites and mechanisms of postoperative insulin resistance

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, false

    Author : Jonas Nygren; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [1997]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Insulin resistance; Glucosemetabolism; Glucose clamping technique; Gastric emptying; Immobilization; Preoperative fasting; ICF-I; Hospital stay; Stableisotopes ISBN 9;

    Abstract : The Sites and Mechanisms of Postoperative InsulinResistance by Jonas Nygren, M.D. READ MORE