Search for dissertations about: "iNOS"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 113 swedish dissertations containing the word iNOS.

  1. 1. Post-Transcriptional Regulation of the Murine Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene

    Author : Malin Söderberg; Matti A. Lang; Françoise Raffalli-Mathieu; Eeva Moilanen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biochemistry; iNOS; inducible nitric oxide synthase; gene regulation; post-transcriptional; mRNA stability; RNA-protein interactions; dexamethasone; murine; heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein; hnRNPI; hnRNPL; Farmaceutisk biokemi; Pharmaceutical biochemistry; Farmaceutisk biokemi;

    Abstract : Large amounts of nitric oxide (NO) are produced by the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) upon inflammatory stimuli. NO is a multifaceted molecule, which may have beneficial effects as an antimicrobial agent in the immune defense, or cytotoxic effects in chronic inflammations, manifested as e.g. arthritis and asthma. READ MORE

  2. 2. Nitric Oxide Synthase in Pancreatic Islets During Trauma and Parenteral Feeding

    Author : Saleem Qader; Islet cell physiology; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; Gastroenterologi; Gastro-enterology; Pancreatitis; Ghrelin; TPN; cNOS; iNOS; PACAP; VIP; cAMP; Pancreatic islets; Insulin secretion;

    Abstract : The influence of trauma (acute pancreatitis) or total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on pancreatic islet hormone secretion in relation to islet expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was investigated. Acute pancreatitis resulted in an impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) which was found to be parallelled by a marked expression of iNOS and an exaggerated NO production in the pancreatic islets. READ MORE

  3. 3. NO, Immunosuppression and Tumor Immmunotherapy

    Author : Pontus Hegardt; Neurokirurgi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Immunology; serology; transplantation; Immunologi; serologi; IL-18; IFN-gamma; rat; colon carcinoma; glioma; tumor immunotherapy; immunosuppression; NO; iNOS;

    Abstract : This study aims at clarifying the role of NO in the immunosuppression induced by in vivo tumor growth and by tumor immunotherapy, and determining whether the inhibition of NO production can be used as an adjuvant in tumor immunotherapy. We have shown previously that tumor cells, glioma (N32) and colon carcinoma (H1D2), when genetically engineered to express such immune stimulatory cytokines as IFN-g and IL-18, induce strong anti-tumor immune response, in immunized tumor-free rats, whereas only a limited therapeutic effect is achieved in rats in which a tumor has already become established. READ MORE

  4. 4. Role of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase and Melatonin in Regulation of β-cell Sensitivity to Cytokines

    Author : Annika K. Andersson; Stellan Sandler; Nils Welsh; Décio L. Eizirik; Nils Billestrup; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; β-cell; Cyclooxygenase; Cytokine; Diabetes; IFN-γ; IL-1β; iNOS; Insulin; Melatonin; Nitric oxide; Pancreatic islets; Phospholipase D; Prostaglandin E2; Streptozotocin; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi;

    Abstract : The mechanisms of β-cell destruction leading to type 1 diabetes are complex and not yet fully understood, but infiltration of the islets of Langerhans by autoreactive immune cells is believed to be important. Activated macrophages and T-cells may then secrete cytokines and free radicals, which could selectively damage the β-cells. READ MORE

  5. 5. Tolerance and Immunity: Opposite Outcomes of Microbial Antigen Stimulation

    Author : Lena Eroukhmanoff; Immunologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TLR2; Tolerance; quinoline-3-carboxamide; Anergy; Foxp3; iNOS; IFN-β; CD4 splenic DCs;

    Abstract : The immune system is remarkable in many ways. It exerts immunity to defend us from foreign pathogens, while it is also responsible for maintaining tolerance to avoid autoimmune diseases and allergy. This thesis includes three separate papers concerning both tolerance and immunity. READ MORE