Search for dissertations about: "improvement science"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 552 swedish dissertations containing the words improvement science.

  1. 1. Chronic neck pain : An epidemiological, psychological and SPECT study with emphasis on whiplash-associated disorders

    Author : Michel Guez; Göran Toolanen; Björn Rydevik; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Prevalence of chronic neck pain; chronic low-back pain; whiplash; WAD; neuropsychology; Medicine; Medicin;

    Abstract : Chronic neck pain, a common cause of disability, seems to be the result of several interacting mechanisms. In addition to degenerative and inflammatory changes and trauma, psychological and psychosocial factors are also involved. READ MORE

  2. 2. Titrating Open Lung PEEP in Acute Lung Injury : A clinical method based on changes in dynamic compliance

    Author : Fernando Suarez Sipmann; Göran Hedenstierna; Hans Hedenström; Stefan Lundin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; PEEP; open lung; recruitment; dead space; electrical impedance tomography; ARDS.; Medicine; Medicin;

    Abstract : The recognition that supportive mechanical ventilation can also damage the lung, the so called ventilation induced lung injury (VILI), has revived the more than 40 year long debate on the optimal level of PEEP to be used. It is established that the prevention of VILI improves patient outcome and that PEEP exerts protective effects by preventing unstable diseased alveoli from collapsing. READ MORE

  3. 3. Postpone death? : Nurse-physician perspectives on life-sustaining treatment and ethics rounds

    Author : Mia Svantesson; Gerd Ahlström; Håkan Thorsén; Kjell Kallenberg; Rurik Löfmark; Peter Strang; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Clinical ethics; Life-sustaining treatment; End-of-life decisions; Attitudes; Nurses; Physicians; Inter-professional relations; Ethics consultation; Ethics rounds; Surgery; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : The starting point of the present thesis is nurses’ reported experiences of disagreements with physicians for pushing life sustaining treatment too far. The overall aim was to describe and compare nurses’ and physicians’ perspectives on the boundaries for life-sustaining treatment and to evaluate whether ethics rounds could promote mutual understanding and stimulate ethical reflection. READ MORE

  4. 4. Quality Improvement in Healthcare

    Author : Svante Lifvergren; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; quality improvement; Healthcare; learning mechanisms; integrated care; action research; improvement science;

    Abstract : ABSTRACTThe Swedish healthcare system, although being one of the more efficientcare systems in the world with good medical outcomes at a moderate cost,faces tremendous future challenges. An ageing population with morepatients suffering from multiple diseases together with accelerating medicotechnical developments is putting increasing pressure on the system. READ MORE

  5. 5. Requirements Prioritisation and Retrospective Analysis for Release Planning Process Improvement

    Author : Lena Karlsson; Institutioner vid LTH; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Systems engineering; Empirical research; Process improvement; Retrospective analysis; Release planning; Requirements engineering; Software engineering; Data- och systemvetenskap; computer technology;

    Abstract : The quality of a product can be defined by its ability to satisfy the needs and expectations of its customers. Achieving quality is especially difficult in market-driven situations since the product is released on an open market with numerous potential customers and users with various wishes. READ MORE