Search for dissertations about: "insulin signalling"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 110 swedish dissertations containing the words insulin signalling.

  1. 1. Insulin signalling in human adipocytes : mechanisms of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes

    Author : Anna Danielsson; Peter Strålfors; Fredrik Nyström; Lena Stensson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; adipocytes; type 2 diabetes; insulin; insulin resistance; insulin signalling; phosphorylation; insulin receptor substrate 1; feedback control; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Prevalensen av fetma ökar drastiskt i stora delar av världen och utgör en stor riskfaktor för att utveckla insulinresistens och typ 2 diabetes. Fettväven kan bli mycket stor om för mycket energi tas upp av kroppen. READ MORE

  2. 2. Glucose and lipid metabolism in insulin resistance : an experimental study in fat cells

    Author : Jonas Burén; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Public health; adipocyte; insulin resistance; type 2 diabetes; insulin signalling; glucose uptake; insulin; glucose; dexamethasone; insulin receptor substrate; protein kinase B; GLUT4; lipoprotein lipase; Folkhälsomedicin; Public health medicine research areas; Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by a combination of pancreatic β-cell failure and insulin resistance in target tissues like liver, muscle and fat. Insulin resistance is characterised by an impaired effect of insulin to reduce hepatic glucose production and to promote glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. READ MORE

  3. 3. Membrane rafts and its GPI anchored complement inhibitors regulate insulin secretion

    Author : Vini Nagaraj; Diabetes - öpatofysiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Membrane rafts; basal insulin secretion; regulated insulin secretion; CD59; CD55; SNARE proteins; insulin; pancreatic beta cells.;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetic patients usually exhibit an abnormal lipid profile. One such lipid that is constantly elevated in T2D is cholesterol. At the cellular level, cholesterol aids in tight packing of sphingolipids in certain regions of the plasma membrane and these specialized regions are termed ‘membrane rafts’, which act as signalling hubs. READ MORE

  4. 4. Insulin Signalling and Regulation of Protein Kinase B in Adipocytes

    Author : Olga Göransson; Proteinfosforylering; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetology; Endokrinologi; sekretion; diabetologi; secreting systems; Endocrinology; PDK1; PKB; diabetes; insulin; adipocyte;

    Abstract : Insulin resistance is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, an increasingly common disorder. The cause of insulin resistance is supposedly failures in the processes used by insulin to signal to the interior of its target cells. These failing steps are still unknown, most probably because of incomplete knowledge of how the insulin signals are transmitted. READ MORE

  5. 5. A molecular approach to insulin signalling and caveolae in primary adipocytes

    Author : Karin Stenkula; Fredrik Nyström; Peter Strålfors; Peter Arner; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; caveolae; insulin signalling; adipocytes; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : The prevalence of type II diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate due to the western world lifestyle. Type II diabetes is characterized by an insulin resistance distinguished by impaired glucose uptake in adipose and muscle tissues. READ MORE