Search for dissertations about: "invasive GAS disease"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 18 swedish dissertations containing the words invasive GAS disease.

  1. 1. Severe Streptococcus pyogenes disease in Europe; epidemiology and clinical manifestations

    University dissertation from Divison of Medical Microbiology

    Author : Bogdan Luca; [2008]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Streptococcus pyogenes; streptococcal toxic shock syndrome; necrotising fasciitis; emm-type; invasive GAS disease; superantigen;

    Abstract : Streptococcus pyogenes, gives rise from mild skin infections and pharyngitis, to life threatening infections like bacteraemia, cellulitis, puerperal sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis (NF), and streptococcal toxic-like shock syndrome (STSS), or nonsuppurative sequelae, rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis. In 2002, the first multinational network for invasive GAS disease surveillance was initiated by the EU-funded Strep-EURO project. READ MORE

  2. 2. Integrated microsystems for continuous glucose monitoring, interstitial fluid sampling and digital microfluidics

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Federico Ribet; Niclas Roxhed; Göran Stemme; Boris Stoeber; [2020]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Microelectromechanical systems MEMS ; biosensors; biomedical devices; continuous glucose monitoring CGM ; glucose sensors; microneedles; interstitial fluid sampling; minimally-invasive technologies; electrochemical sensors; heterogeneous integration; wire bonding; magnetic assembly; electrowetting-on-dielectric EWOD ; digital microfluidics; ionic liquids; gas sensors; optical switches; laser shutters.; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Interdisciplinary research between medicine and microsystem engineering creates new possibilities to improve the quality of life of patients or to further enhance the performance of already existing devices. In particular, microsystems show great potential for the realization of biosensors and sampling devices to monitor bioanalytes with minimal patient discomfort. READ MORE

  3. 3. Invasive group A streptococcal infection : host and pathogen interactions

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Immunology, Microbiology, Pathology and Infectious Diseases

    Author : Björn K.G. Eriksson; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [1999]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Group A streptococci; invasive infections; erysipelas; Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome STSS ; epidemiology; M1 serotype streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins Spe ; SpeA; toxin neutralization; opsonization;

    Abstract : Invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infections were studied in 229 patients with a clinical diagnosis of erysipelas and 151 patients with GAS bacteremia, respectively. Beta-hemolytic streptococci were identified in about a third of the erysipelas patients, mostly group A, whereas group G streptococci were identified in about half as many episodes. READ MORE

  4. 4. Studies on ventilatory function in chronic neuromuscular disorders

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience

    Author : Jan Weinberg; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [1999]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ventilatory dysfunction; neuromuscular disorders; diaphragm; electromyogram; power spectrum; blood gas; ventilatory mechanics; sleep; polysomnography;

    Abstract : Ventilatory dysfunction is common in neuromuscular disorders (NMD). The present studies aimed at evaluating and developing methods for diagnosis of ventilatory function in NMD. Methods included were diaphragmatic EMG (EMGdi), blood gas monitoring assessed at rest and during exercise and nocturnal respiratory and sleep parameters. READ MORE

  5. 5. An electrostatic sampling device for point-of-care detection of bioaerosols

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Laila Ladhani; Wouter van der Wijngaart; Jorma Keskinen; [2018]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; electrostatic sampling; bioaerosols; point-of-care; breath sampling; electrostatic precipitation; microfluidic collection; corona discharge; air sampling; non-invasive diagnostics; exhaled breath analysis; on-site detection; aerosol sampling; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Bioaerosols are not only a significant factor of air quality but contribute greatly to the spread of infectious diseases, specifically through expired pathogen-laden aerosols. Clear examples of airborne transmission include: the recent influenza pandemic of 2009, the ongoing tuberculosis epidemic, and yearly norovirus out- breaks, which affect millions of people worldwide and pose serious threats to public healthcare systems. READ MORE