Search for dissertations about: "ion focusing"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 38 swedish dissertations containing the words ion focusing.

  1. 1. New applications and developments of field-asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry - mass spectrometry (FAIMS-MS)

    Author : Axel Mie; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; triazine; enantiomer; ion focusing; ion mobility; FAIMS; DMS; axial ion inlet;

    Abstract : Field asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS), also commonly termed differential mobility spectrometry (DMS), is a gas-phase ion separation technology. FAIMS exploits differences in high-electric-field to low-electric-field ion mobility ratios to discriminate between ion species. READ MORE

  2. 2. Detector Development, Source Characterization and Novel Applications of Laser Ion Acceleration

    Author : Lovisa Senje; Atomfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Laser; Ion; Acceleration; Proton; Water; Sheath; Lifetime; Laser; Ion; Acceleration; Proton; Water; Radiolysis; Sheath; Detector; Fysicumarkivet A:2017:Senje;

    Abstract : The main focus of the work presented in this thesis is on experimental studies oflaser acceleration of protons and other positive ions from solid targets. The topic is explored from three different angles: firstly, the development of diagnostics adapted to the ion pulses, secondly, the characterization of the source of the energetic particles and, finally, the application of laser-accelerated protons for time-resolved radiolysis of glass and water. READ MORE

  3. 3. Si negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries : Aging mechanism studies by electrochemistry and photoelectron spectroscopy

    Author : Fredrik Lindgren; Fredrik Björefors; Kristina Edström; Anna Andersson; Miguel Ángel Muñoz; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Abstract : This thesis is focusing on the challenges when using Si as a possible new negative electrode material in Li-ion batteries. The overall aim is to contribute to a general understanding of the processes in the Si electrode, to identify aging mechanisms, and to evaluate how they influence the cycling performance. READ MORE

  4. 4. Development of a Novel Method for Lithium-Ion Battery Testing on Heavy-Duty Vehicles

    Author : Pontus Svens; Mårten Behm; Göran Lindbergh; Per Alvfors; Anders Malmqvist; KTH; []
    Keywords : Lithium-ion battery; HEV; field testing; heavy-duty vehicles;

    Abstract : Increasing demands for lower environmental impact from vehicles, including heavy-duty vehicles, have driven several vehicle manufacturers to consider adding hybrid electrical vehicles (HEV’s) to the product portfolio. Present research on batteries for HEV’s is mainly focused on lithium-ion battery chemistries, since lithium-ion batteries has the most promising technical potential compared to other types of batteries. READ MORE

  5. 5. Electrochromism in Metal Oxide Thin Films : Towards long-term durability and materials rejuvenation

    Author : Rui-Tao Wen; Claes-Göran Granqvist; Agustín R. González-Elipe; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; electrochromic; smart windows; long-term durability; degradation kinetics; ion trapping; de-trapping; materials rejuvenation; Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot fasta tillståndets fysik;

    Abstract : Electrochromic thin films can effectively regulate the visible and infrared light passing through a window, demonstrating great potential to save energy and offer a comfortable indoor environment in buildings. However, long-term durability is a big issue and the physics behind this is far from clear. READ MORE