Search for dissertations about: "ionizing radiation"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 140 swedish dissertations containing the words ionizing radiation.

  1. 1. The microdosimetric variance-covariance method used for beam quality characterization in radiation protection and radiation therapy

    Author : Jan Erik Lillhök; Lennart Lindborg; Bernd Grosswendt; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ionizing radiation; radiation quality; radiation protection; radiation therapy; microdosimetry; nanodosimetry; variance-covariance method; Radiological physics; Radiofysik; medicinsk strålningsfysik; Medical Radiation Physics;

    Abstract : Radiation quality is described by the RBE (relative biological effectiveness) that varies with the ionizing ability of the radiation. Microdosimetric quantities describe distributions of energy imparted to small volumes and can be related to RBE. READ MORE

  2. 2. Impact of Ionizing Radiation on 4H-SiC Devices

    Author : Muhammad Usman; Anders Hallén; Einar Örn Sveinbjörnsson; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Silicon carbide; ionizing radiation; bipolar junction transistors; reliability; surface passivation; high-k dielectrics; MIS; radiation hardness;

    Abstract : Electronic components, based on current semiconductor technologies and operating in radiation rich environments, suffer degradation of their performance as a result of radiation exposure. Silicon carbide (SiC) provides an alternate solution as a radiation hard material, because of its wide bandgap and higher atomic displacement energies, for devices intended for radiation environment applications. READ MORE

  3. 3. Modern Computational Physical Chemistry : An Introduction to Biomolecular Radiation Damage and Phototoxicity

    Author : Jorge Llano; Leif A. Eriksson; Ulf Ryde; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Biology; statistical mechanics; biophysical chemistry; interface; surface thermodynamics; bioelectrochemistry; ionizing radiation; radiation therapy; condensed matter; computational chemistry; nucleic acids; radiation damage; electrode potential; electronic transport; photochemistry; strand break; photodynamic action; cytostatic; solvation; solvated electron; absolute potential; chemical potential; Biologi; Biology; Biologi;

    Abstract : The realm of molecular physical chemistry ranges from the structure of matter and the fundamental atomic and molecular interactions to the macroscopic properties and processes arising from the average microscopic behaviour.Herein, the conventional electrodic problem is recast into the simpler molecular problem of finding the electrochemical, real chemical, and chemical potentials of the species involved in redox half-reactions. READ MORE

  4. 4. Radiation response in human cells : DNA damage formation, repair and signaling

    Author : Ann-Sofie Gustafsson; Bo Stenerlöw; Andrzej Wojcik; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; DNA damage; DNA repair; DSB; NHEJ; DNA-PK; ionizing radiation; heat-labile sites; Biomedical Radiation Science; Biomedicinsk strålningsvetenskap;

    Abstract : Ionizing radiation induces a range of different DNA lesions. In terms of mutation frequency and mammalian cell survival, the most critical of these lesions is the DNA double-strand break (DSB). DSB left unrepaired or mis-repaired may result in chromosomal aberrations that can lead to permanent genetic changes or cell death. READ MORE

  5. 5. Radiation induced biomarkers of individual sensitivity to radiation therapy

    Author : Sara Skiöld; Mats Harms-Ringdahl; Siamak Haghdoost; Mats Ljungman; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; low dose ionizing radiation; radiation sensitivity; proteomics; whole blood; 8-oxo-dG; oxidative stress; acute adverse healthy tissue effects; molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Bioscience;

    Abstract : Fifty percent of solid cancers are treated with radiation therapy (RT). The dose used in RT is adjusted to the most sensitive individuals so that not more than 5% of the patients will have severe adverse healthy tissue effects. READ MORE