Search for dissertations about: "kinase"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1244 swedish dissertations containing the word kinase.

  1. 1. The Tyrosine Kinase GTK : Signal Transduction and Biological Function

    Author : Cecilia Annerén; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; Protein tyrosine kinases; GTK; SHB; proliferation; survival; differentiation; β cells; pancreatectomy; cytokines; diabetes; PC12 cells; NGF; streptozotocin; focal adhesion kinase; RAP1; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology;

    Abstract : Protein tyrosine kinases play an important role in the regulation of various cellular processes such asgrowth, differentiation and survival. GTK, a novel SRC-like cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase, was recently cloned from a mouse insulinoma cell line and the present work was conducted in order to find a biological function of GTK in insulin producing and neuronal cells. READ MORE

  2. 2. Understanding molecular mechanisms of protein tyrosine kinases by molecular dynamics and free energy calculations

    Author : Yaozong Li; Kwangho Nam; Magnus Wolf-Watz; Amedeo Caflisch; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; kinase; IRK; IGF-1RK; phosphorylation; activation loop; molecular dynamics; phosphoryl transfer; alchemical free energy; dynamical network; correlation map; PCA; motion projection; Gaussian softcore; free energy landscape; kinase catalysis;

    Abstract : Background: Insulin receptor kinase (IRK) and Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor kinase (IGF-1RK) are two important members in the large class of tyrosine kinase receptors. They play pivotalroles in the regulation of glucose homeostasis, cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, andtransformation. READ MORE

  3. 3. Using Light to Regulate the Activity of RET Kinase: Design, synthesis and evaluation of photoswitchable DFG-out RET kinase inhibitors

    Author : Yongjin Xu; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; RET kinase; kinase inhibitor; DFG-out; photoparmacology; azoheteroarene; Buchwald-Hartwig coupling; quinoline; 7-azaindole;

    Abstract : Protein kinases are essential for signal transduction and regulate most cellular processes, such as metabolism, membrane transport, motility, and cell cycle. Although they play a critical role in cells and have a strong association with diseases, details of their physiologic and pathologic mechanisms remain at least partially unclear, especially the spatiotemporal dynamics of the signalling. READ MORE

  4. 4. Receptors for growth hormone and prolactin. Regulation and activation

    Author : Gunnel Hellgren; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Growth hormone; GH receptor; Janus kinase; GH sensitivity; 5 -untranslated region; prolactin; prolactin receptor adipose tissue; liver; skeletal muscle; epidermal growth factor receptor; tyrosine kinase; kinase activity;

    Abstract : Cytokine receptor activation is dependent on ligand-induced receptor dimerization or oligomerization and subsequent activation of several intracellular proteins. Activation of Janus kinases (Jaks) is probably the first intracellular event that occurs after receptor dimerization. READ MORE

  5. 5. Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase 3B: Regulation in rat adipocytes and 3T3-L1 cells

    Author : Tova Landström; Institutionen för experimentell medicinsk vetenskap; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; 3T3-L1 TNF-alpha; adipocyte; insulin; p70S6 kinase; mitogen-activated protein kinase; protein kinase B; phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase; phosphodiesterase 3B; cAMP; lipolysis; phosphorylation; signal transduction; Biochemistry; Metabolism; Biokemi; metabolism;

    Abstract : Insulin stimulation of rat adipocytes results in phosphorylation and activation of the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 3B (PDE3B), a key enzyme in the antilipolytic signalling pathway of this hormone. In this thesis, the site phosphorylated in PDE3B upon stimulation of rat adipocytes with insulin and/or the beta-adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol is identified. READ MORE