Search for dissertations about: "kinetics"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1361 swedish dissertations containing the word kinetics.

  1. 1. CO2 separation using ionic liquid-based absorbents : thermodynamics and kinetics

    Author : Yifeng Chen; Xiaoyan Ji; Xiaohua Lu; Marcus Öhman; Congmin Wang; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Ionic liquids; carbon dioxide; thermodynamics; kinetics; Energiteknik; Energy Engineering;

    Abstract : Ionic liquids (ILs) have shown great potential to be used as absorbents for CO2 separation owing to their unique properties such as immeasurably low vapour pressure, high thermal stability, high CO2 affinity, and tunable structure. A huge amount of researches have been carried out, and most of them focused on developing novel ILs for CO2 separation. READ MORE

  2. 2. Oxidation kinetics of nickel particles

    Author : Richard Karmhag; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Materials science; Oxidation; kinetics; nickel; particles; UFP; solar absorber; Materialvetenskap; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap; Solid State Physics; fasta tillståndets fysik;

    Abstract : Nanoparticles have an immense surface to volume ratio. This is a key factor to the new properties of some materials made up of such particles. The oxide layer formed on all materials will have a large influence on the behaviour of these materials. The layer isadvantageous in some cases but causes problems in other. READ MORE

  3. 3. Lipase chemoselectivity - kinetics and applications

    Author : Cecilia Hedfors; Karl Hult; Mats Martinelle; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Candida antarctica lipase B; Rhizomucor miehei lipase; active site titration; kinetics; chemoselectivity; thiol; alcohol; thiol-functionalized polyesters; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Abstract :   A chemoselective catalyst is preferred in a chemical reaction where protecting groups otherwise are needed. The two lipases Candida antarctica lipase B and Rhizomucor miehei lipase showed large chemoselectivity ratios, defined as (kcat/KM)OH / (kcat/KM)SH, in a transacylation reaction with ethyl octanoate as acyl donor and hexanol or hexanethiol as acyl acceptor (paper I). READ MORE

  4. 4. Xylan sorption kinetics at industrial conditions

    Author : Espen Ribe; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Sorption; Yield; Sorption conditions; Kinetics; Kraft cooking; Hemicellulose; Modelling; Black liquor; Xylan;

    Abstract : The kraft process is the most utilised method for the production of wood based chemical pulp for paper applications. During a kraft cook about half of the wood material is dissoluted into the cooking liquor making the liberation of individual fibres possible. This low yield is a great disadvantage for process economy. READ MORE

  5. 5. The kinetics of cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis : Implications of the synergism between enzymes

    Author : Priit Väljamäe; Jan-Christer Janson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry; Acetobacter; Cellobiohydrolase; Cellobiose; Cellulase; Cellulose; Diffusion; Endoglucanase; Hydrolysis; Inhibition; Kinetics; Model; Product; Substrate; Surface; Synergism; Trichoderma reesei; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biokemi; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Abstract : The hydrolysis kinetics of bacterial cellulose and its derivatives by Trichoderma reesei cellulases was studied. The cellulose surface erosion model was introduced to explain the gradual and strong retardation of the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. READ MORE