Search for dissertations about: "knee prosthesis"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 26 swedish dissertations containing the words knee prosthesis.

  1. 1. Total knee arthroplasty : Alternative aspects on fixation, design and postoperative treatment

    Author : Gunnar Adalberth; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Total knee arthroplasty; RSA; migration; all-polyethylene; drainage; cement; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; Orthopaedics; ortopedi;

    Abstract : Total knee arthroplasty as a treatment of severe gonarthrosis has become a great success, but tibial component loosening is still a major reason for failure. When total knee arthroplasty was introduced, only all-polyethylene (AP) tibial components were available. READ MORE

  2. 2. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and knee prosthesis surgery

    Author : Andreas Meunier; Lars Good; Per Aspenberg; Tore Dalén; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents; administration dosage; Arthroplasty; knee replacement; Surgical blood loss; Surgery; Cyclooxygenase inhibitors; Cyclooxygenase inhibitors; Fracture healing; Isoxazoles; Postoperative pain; Pyrazoles; Sulfonamides; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Adverse effects of cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors on bone healing have previously been demonstrated in diaphyseal fracture models in animals. In spite of that, they are widely used as postoperative analgesics in orthopaedic surgery. After joint replacement, a bone repair process starts at the interface between bone and cement. READ MORE

  3. 3. The infected knee arthroplasty

    Author : Anna Stefansdottir; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; outcome; revision knee arthroplasty; microbiology; Primary knee arthroplasty; infection; predictive factors; antibiotic prophylaxis;

    Abstract : The Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register (SKAR) was used to identify 478 cases that underwent a first-time revision with exchange or removal of the prosthesis due to infection during the years 1986–2000. 30% of the infections were diagnosed within 3 months from primary operation and two-thirds were diagnosed within 2 years. READ MORE

  4. 4. Kinematics and fixation of total knee arthroplasties : a clinical, radiographic, scintimetric, and roentgen stereophotogrammetric evaluation

    Author : Kjell G. Nilsson; Johan Kärrholm; Leif Ryd; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Total knee arthroplasty; tibial component; kinematics; micromotion; loosening; scintimetry; roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis;

    Abstract : Aseptic loosening of the tibial component is an important cause of failure after total knee arthroplasty. Bone destruction often claimed to be caused by the cement makes the revision difficult. In order to treat younger patients, uncemented fixation has been introduced, but the etiology to loosening is multifactorial and only partly known. READ MORE

  5. 5. The fixation of joint prostheses. Aspects on mechanics and biology

    Author : Ulrik Hansson; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiostereometry; histology; interface; micromotion; knee; joint replacement;

    Abstract : Abstract: In the interface, between implant and bone or between the cement and bone, there will develop some amount of fibrous tissue. The synovial fluid, the synovium, the cartilage and the subchondral bone from the non-replaced knee compartment that had been exposed to wear particles were studied by histological analyses. READ MORE