Search for dissertations about: "l-type ca2 channel"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 24 swedish dissertations containing the words l-type ca2 channel.

  1. 1. Regulation of glucagon secretion from pancreatic alpha cells

    Author : Yang De Marinis; diabetes och endokrinologi Genomik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Epac2; glucagon secretion; pancreatic alpha cells; K- ATP channel; N-type Ca2 channel; L-type Ca2 channel; GLP-1; cAMP; PKA; Adrenaline; PKC;

    Abstract : Glucagon secreted by pancreatic α-cells plays an important role in the regulation of blood glucose. In this thesis, different techniques such as electrophysiology, immunohistochemistry and hormone secretion assay were combined to explore the mechanisms by which glucagon secretion is regulated. READ MORE

  2. 2. New aspects of voltage-gated calcium channel regulation in pancreatic beta-cells - Relevance for insulin release and type 2 diabetes

    Author : Thomas Reinbothe; Diabetes - öpatofysiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; voltage-gated calcium channels; L-type; insulin secretion; type 2 diabetes;

    Abstract : Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels are essential transducers of cellular signals in many electrically excitable cells. In the pancreatic beta-cell they mediate controlled Ca2+ influx, which is the final trigger for Ca2+ dependent release (exocytosis) of the blood glucose lowering hormone insulin. READ MORE

  3. 3. Ion channel control of phasic insulin secretion

    Author : Xingjun Jing; Diabetes - öpatofysiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; phasic insulin secretion; Diabetes; pancreatic β-cells; ClC chloride channel; exocytosis; CaV channel;

    Abstract : Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion exhibits a biphasic pattern. The mechanism underling biphasic insulin secretion is not fully understood, but consensus exists that an elevation in [Ca2+]i is required for both first- and second-phase insulin secretion. READ MORE

  4. 4. Neurotransmission and functional synaptic plasticity in the rat medial preoptic nucleus

    Author : Evgenya Malinina; Staffan Johansson; Eric Hanse; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; medial preoptic nucleus; synaptic plasticity; GABA; glutamate; L-type Ca2 channel; Physiology; Fysiologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Abstract : Brain function implies complex information processing in neuronal circuits, critically dependent on the molecular machinery that enables signal transmission across synaptic contacts between neurons. The types of ion channels and receptors in the neuronal membranes vary with neuron types and brain regions and determine whether neuronal responses will be excitatory or inhibitory and often allow for functional synaptic plasticity which is thought to be the basis for much of the adaptability of the nervous system and for our ability to learn and store memories. READ MORE

  5. 5. Regulation of exocytosis by Ca2+ and cAMP - A study on pancreatic beta- and alpha-cells

    Author : Xiaosong Ma; Institutionen för experimentell medicinsk vetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Endocrinology; secreting systems; type-2 diabetes; SUR1; Ca2 -channel; glucagon; exocytosis; insulin; diabetology; Endokrinologi; sekretion; diabetologi;

    Abstract : Type-2 diabetes is characterized by impaired insulin secretion associated with excess glucagon release. Exocytosis of insulin- or glucagon-containing granules is initiated by Ca2+-influx through voltage-dependent Ca2+-channels and is modulated by the second messengers such as cAMP. READ MORE