Search for dissertations about: "lactam"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 50 swedish dissertations containing the word lactam.

  1. 1. On the Versatility of Microwave-Assisted Chemistry : Exemplified by Applications in Medicinal Chemistry, Heterocyclic Chemistry and Biochemistry

    Author : Kristina M. Orrling; Mats Larhed; Fredrik Almqvist; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; microwave-assisted chemistry; malaria; aspartic protease; plasmepsin; PfPM4; PmPM4; PoPM4; PvPM4; inhibitor; unsaturated lactone; unsaturated lactam; unsaturated amide; lactam; Bestmann s ylide; ionic liquid; polymerase chain reaction; thermophilic enzyme; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Läkemedelskemi; Organic synthesis; Organisk syntes; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Abstract : Today, the demand for speed in drug discovery is constantly increasing, particularly in the iterative processes of hit validation and expansion and lead optimization. Irradiation with microwaves (MWs) has been applied in the area of organic synthesis to accelerate chemical reactions and to facilitate the generation of new chemical entities since 1986. READ MORE

  2. 2. Tertiary Alcohol- or β-Hydroxy γ-Lactam-Based HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors : Microwave Applications in Batch and Continuous Flow Organic Synthesis

    Author : Per Öhrngren; Mats Larhed; Knud J. Jensen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; HIV; AIDS; protease inhibitor; aspartic protease; lactam; tertiary alcohol; continuous-flow; microwave; non-resonant; MAOS; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Abstract : Since the outbreak of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the 1980s, the disease has cost the lives of over 30 million people, and a further 33 million are currently living with the HIV infection. With the appropriate treatment, HIV/AIDS can today be regarded as a chronic but manageable disease. READ MORE

  3. 3. Neurotoxicity of β-lactam antibiotics : experimental kinetic and neurophysiological studies

    Author : Silvia E. Schliamser; Ragnar Norrby; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; benzylpenicillin; blood-brain barrier; ß-lactam antibiotics; CSF; CNS; EEG; imipenem cilastatin; FCE 22101; meningitis; neurotoxicity of; silent-second; thiopental; transport system; uraemia;

    Abstract : The neurotoxic potential of intravenous administered benzylpenicillin (BPC) was studied in rabbits with intact blood-CNS barriers and rabbits with experimental E. coli meningitis. At onset of epileptogenic EEG activity or seizures, serum, CSF and brain tissue were collected for assay of BPC. READ MORE

  4. 4. Some New Methods in Sialic Acid Chemistry

    Author : Teddy Ercegovic; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; thioglycoside promoter; ganglioside; Tumor-associated antigen; lactam; lactone; sialic acid; N-acetylneuraminic acid; Neu5Ac; sialyl donor; auxiliary group; 3- S -phenylthio; bis-sialic acid lactam; 3- S -phenylseleno; silver trifluoromethanesulfonate; iodine monochloride; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Abstract : Gangliosides (G) are sialic acid-containing cell surface glycosphingolipids capable of forming lactones, i.e. inner esters. Some gangliosides are tumor-associated antigens, and they may serve as immunogens in their lactone form, where the latter is comparatively more abundant on the surface of malignant cells. READ MORE

  5. 5. Haemophilus influenzae – typing, epidemiology and beta-lactam resistance

    Author : Viktor Månsson; Malmö Klinisk mikrobiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; benzylpenicillin; beta-lactam resistance; beta-lactams; BLNAR; capsule typing; clonal; Haemophiilus influenzae; Hib; MALDI-TOF MS; MLST; NTHi; serotyping; virulence; epidemiology;

    Abstract : Haemophilus influenzae is a common cause of respiratory tract infections such as acute otitis media (AOM), exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pneumonia. The species is subdivided into encapsulated and non-encapsulated strains, designated type a-f and nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi), respectively. READ MORE