Search for dissertations about: "lignin"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 315 swedish dissertations containing the word lignin.

  1. 1. Viscosity and boiling point elevation of black liquor from the lignin extraction process and the modification of extracted lignin

    Author : Ali Seid Moosavifar; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Boiling point elevation; viscosity; Lignin precipitation; Black liquor; black liquor properties; evaporation characteristic; combustion of lignin; Lignin; calcium addition to lignin; alkalisation of black liquor; lignin modification; lignin fuel;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  2. 2. Palladium-catalyzed lignin valorization : Towards a lignin-based biorefinery

    Author : Maxim Galkin; Joseph Samec; Rafael Luque; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Lignin; Heterogeneous Catalysis; Palladium; Biomass; Depolymerization; Reduction; Oxidation; Biorefinery; Transfer Hydrogenolysis; Organic Chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Abstract : The work described in this thesis focuses on the cleavage of the β-O-4′ bond, which is the most abundant interunit linkage in the lignin polymer.In the first part, three methods based on palladium catalysis have been developed and their applicability has been verified using lignin model compounds. READ MORE

  3. 3. Lignin Extraction from Black Liquor - Properties of the Liquors and Sulphur Content in the Lignin

    Author : Ali Seid Moosavifar; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; heat-treatment; lignin precipitation; boiling point elevation; lignin; alkalisation; biofuel; properties; viscosity; Black liquor; combustion of lignin; lignin modification; viscosity correlations.;

    Abstract : Kraft lignin isolated by precipitation can be considered as being a valuable renewable source of energy and material. Removing lignin from black liquor is also advantageous as it decreases the load on the recovery boiler, which is usually the limiting factor in the production of kraft pulp. READ MORE

  4. 4. Fractionation of woody biomass : lignin and suberin in focus

    Author : Ivan Kumaniaev; Joseph Samec; Claudia Crestini; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; lignocellulose; lignin; suberin; biomass; palladium; catalysis; flow chemistry; organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry;

    Abstract : This thesis is dedicated to the research of fractionation and valorization of different types of woody biomass. In the first part, oak (Quercus suber) and birch (Betula pendula) barks are considered. Bark is the outer layer of wood and is treated as waste in the current wood processing technologies. READ MORE

  5. 5. Lignin Conversion to Value-Added Small-Molecule Chemicals : Towards Integrated Forest Biorefineries

    Author : Omar Y. Abdelaziz; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; aromatic monomers; biorefinery; catalysis; kraft lignin; lignin depolymerization; lignin valorization; microbial conversion; renewable chemicals; techno-economic analysis;

    Abstract : Lignin is the most abundant aromatic biopolymer on Earth and has significant potential as a feedstock for industrial use. Due to its intrinsic heterogeneity and recalcitrance, lignin has been regarded as a low-value side-product in the pulp and paper industry and in second-generation biorefineries. READ MORE