Search for dissertations about: "lignin"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 356 swedish dissertations containing the word lignin.

  1. 1. Viscosity and boiling point elevation of black liquor from the lignin extraction process and the modification of extracted lignin

    Author : Ali Seid Moosavifar; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Boiling point elevation; viscosity; Lignin precipitation; Black liquor; black liquor properties; evaporation characteristic; combustion of lignin; Lignin; calcium addition to lignin; alkalisation of black liquor; lignin modification; lignin fuel;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  2. 2. Palladium-catalyzed lignin valorization : Towards a lignin-based biorefinery

    Author : Maxim Galkin; Joseph Samec; Rafael Luque; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Lignin; Heterogeneous Catalysis; Palladium; Biomass; Depolymerization; Reduction; Oxidation; Biorefinery; Transfer Hydrogenolysis; Organic Chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Abstract : The work described in this thesis focuses on the cleavage of the β-O-4′ bond, which is the most abundant interunit linkage in the lignin polymer.In the first part, three methods based on palladium catalysis have been developed and their applicability has been verified using lignin model compounds. READ MORE

  3. 3. Lignin Extraction from Black Liquor - Properties of the Liquors and Sulphur Content in the Lignin

    Author : Ali Seid Moosavifar; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; heat-treatment; lignin precipitation; boiling point elevation; lignin; alkalisation; biofuel; properties; viscosity; Black liquor; combustion of lignin; lignin modification; viscosity correlations.;

    Abstract : Kraft lignin isolated by precipitation can be considered as being a valuable renewable source of energy and material. Removing lignin from black liquor is also advantageous as it decreases the load on the recovery boiler, which is usually the limiting factor in the production of kraft pulp. READ MORE

  4. 4. Biosynthesis, interactions, and structure of native lignin

    Author : Ioanna Sapouna; Lauren S. McKee; Francisco Vilaplana; Claudia Crestini; KTH; []
    Keywords : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; lignin; biomass valorization; extraction; tissue culture; lignin nanoparticles; wood aerogels; lignin; biomassavalorisering; extraktion; vävnadsodling; lignin nanopartiklar; trä aerogeler; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Abstract : Wood biomass is an important resource in the development ofstrategies towards replacement of fossil-based materials. Woodcomprises cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin, in amounts thatvary between species. READ MORE

  5. 5. Protected Lignin Biorefining: Fundamental Insights on Lignin Reactivity

    Author : Maria Karlsson; Martin Lawoko; Åsa Emmer; Olena Sevastyanova; John Ralph; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Sustainability; lignin; biorefinery; cyclic organosolv extraction; preserved structure; NMR; MALDI-TOF MS; Hållbarhet; lignin; bioraffinaderi; cyklisk organosolv extraktion; bevarad struktur; NMR; MALDI-TOF MS; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Abstract : The potential to utilize lignin, which constitutes as much as 15-30% of the biomass, needs further evaluation. In the transition towards a bioeconomy, lignin has the potential to replace fossil-based phenols. Attempts to valorize the available technical lignins are ongoing; however, that lignin suffers from molecular heterogeneity. READ MORE