Search for dissertations about: "lignocellulose"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 87 swedish dissertations containing the word lignocellulose.

  1. 1. Ethanol from lignocellulose : Management of by-products of hydrolysis

    Author : Björn Alriksson; J Leif Jönsson; Vincent Eijsink; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ethanol; Lignocellulose; Detoxification; Genetic engineering; Enzyme production; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : Fuel ethanol can be produced from lignocellulosic materials, such as residues from agriculture and forestry. The polysaccharides of lignocellulose are converted to sugars by hydrolysis and the sugars can then be fermented to ethanol using microorganisms. However, during hydrolysis a wide range of by-products are also generated. READ MORE

  2. 2. Ethanol from lignocellulose : physiological effects of inhibitors and fermentation strategies

    Author : Mohammad J Taherzadeh; Chalmers Univ of Technology; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Acetic acid; Agents; Cellulose; Enzyme inhibition; Feedback control; Fermentation; Hydrolysis; Metabolites; pH; Physiology; Wood; Yeast; Dilute acid hydrolyzate; Inhibitors; Lignocellulose; Physiological effects; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Ethanol;

    Abstract : Fermentative ethanol production from dilute-acid hydrolyzates of wood using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. Of known inhibitors in hydrolyzates, acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) were found in the highest concentrations (up to about 10 g/l). READ MORE

  3. 3. Bioprocess development for biochemical conversion of lignocellulose

    Author : Ruifei Wang; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Lignocellulose; strain engineering; stress tolerance; kinetic modelling; high gravity; scale-up; biofuels; SSCF; process development; Saccharomyces cerevisiae;

    Abstract : Due to its low environmental impact and high maturity of the fuel ethanol market, lignocellulosic ethanol is a promising option for reducing the carbon footprint in the transport sector. The characteristics of lignocellulosic feedstocks, such as varied sugar composition, low sugar density, low solubility, recalcitrance to enzymatic degradation, and inhibitors formed during thermochemical pretreatment, have so far limited the production process, and costs for conversion of lignocellulosic materials to ethanol are still high. READ MORE

  4. 4. Ethanol from lignocellulose : Alkali detoxification of dilute-acid spruce hydrolysates

    Author : Björn Alriksson; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : Detoxification of dilute-acid lignocellulose hydrolysates by treatment with Ca(OH)2 (overliming) efficiently improves the production of fuel ethanol, but is associated with drawbacks like sugar degradation and CaSO4 precipitation. In factorial designed experiments, in which pH and temperature were varied, dilute-acid spruce hydrolysates were treated with Ca(OH)2, NH4OH or NaOH. READ MORE

  5. 5. Biorefining of lignocellulose : Detoxification of inhibitory hydrolysates and potential utilization of residual streams for production of enzymes

    Author : Adnan Cavka; Leif J. Jönsson; John N. Saddler; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Abstract : Lignocellulosic biomass is a renewable resource that can be utilized for the production of biofuels, chemicals, and bio-based materials. Biochemical conversion of lignocellulose to advanced biofuels, such as cellulosic ethanol, is generally performed through microbial fermentation of sugars generated by thermochemical pretreatment of the biomass followed by an enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose. READ MORE