Search for dissertations about: "liquids"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 300 swedish dissertations containing the word liquids.

  1. 1. Ionic liquids : The solid-liquid interface and surface forces

    Author : Nicklas Hjalmarsson; Mark W Rutland; Rob Atkin; Enrico Gnecco; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ionic liquids; solid-liquid interface; surface forces; nanotribology; atomic force microscopy; quartz crystal microbalance; Jonvätskor; gränsskiktet mellan fasta ytor och vätskor; ytkrafter; nanotribologi; atomkraftsmikroskopi; kvartskristallmikrovåg; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : Ionic liquids (ILs) present new approaches for controlling interactions at the solid-liquid interface. ILs are defined as liquids consisting of bulky and asymmetric ions, with a melting point below 373 K. Owing to their amphiphilic character they are powerful solvents but also possess other interesting properties. READ MORE

  2. 2. Computer Simulations of Simple Liquids with Tetrahedral Local Order : the Supercooled Liquid, Solids and Phase Transitions

    Author : Måns Elenius; Mikhail Dzugutov; Jonathan Doye; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Simple liquids; glasses; liquid-glass transition; supercooled liquids; tetrahedral liquids; phase transitions; quasicrystals; molecular dynamics; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Liquid physics; Vätskefysik; numerisk analys; Numerical Analysis;

    Abstract : The understanding of complex condensed matter systems is an area of intense study. In this thesis, some properties of simple liquids with strong preference for tetrahedral local ordering are explored. These liquids are amenable to supercooling, and give complex crystalline structures on eventual crystallisation. READ MORE

  3. 3. Exploring The Versatility Of Ionic Liquids : From fundamental understanding to materials inspired from ionic liquids

    Author : Olivier Renier; Anja-Verena Mudring; Lydie Viau; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ionic liquids; liquid crystals; DSSC; molecular design; Luminescent materials; anhydrous compounds; phase transition; complex coordination; materialkemi; Materials Chemistry;

    Abstract : Ionic liquids (ILs) have gained popularity as “green” and safe replacements for conventional organic solvents. They are defined as ionic salts displaying a melting point below 100 °C. Some of their unique characteristics also include negligible vapour pressure, good electrical conductivity as well as good thermal and chemical stability. READ MORE

  4. 4. Nanoconfined imidazolium ionic liquids

    Author : Szilvia Vavra; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : nanoconfinement; protic ionic liquids; surface active ionic liquids; oriented and parallel nanochannels;

    Abstract : Long-chain ionic liquids are attracting interest as alternatives to their short-chain analogues as electrolytes. At the same time, they are also considered as alternatives to mesogens and conventional surfactants as templates. READ MORE

  5. 5. On-chip terahertz characterisation of liquids

    Author : Juan Cabello Sánchez; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; dielectric permittivity; Through-Reflect-Line TRL calibration; vector network analyzers VNA ; terahertz spectroscopy; isopropyl alcohol IPA ; coplanar waveguides CPW ; water; on-wafer measurements; planar Goubau line; Chip; liquids; microfluidic channels; scattering parameters; material properties;

    Abstract : Spectroscopy at terahertz frequencies can be used in a wide range of applications including radio-astronomy, pharmaceutical manufacturing control, and the study of processes in molecular biology. Biomolecular samples should preferably be studied in their native environment, water, however, water poses extreme attenuation for THz-frequency waves, deteriorating or even impeding analysis using these waves. READ MORE